Ask GroMomma

by Kathy Goff

It’s time to plant. The ideal window is NOW for planting seeds directly into the ground outdoors. Of course, you can also grow your seedlings indoors and transplant them outdoors into the ground or in containers after the last frost.

To grow outdoors you need a sunny location with at least 5 hours of direct sunlight and 5 hours of darkness per day for eight to ten weeks. Consider surrounding objects such as buildings and trees and how the angle of the sun changes over the course of the growing season. Ideally, your grow site will get sun all day long throughout the growing season.

Your plants will need to be spaced at least three to five feet apart, so they all get plenty of sun and breeze. Since you will be tending your plants daily, pick a location with easy access. Unless it rains every few days, you’ll need to water your plants regularly.

You may want to have your soil tested at your county extension office. Test results will show pH levels and levels of the key nutrients of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. You can ask for recommendations on the amendments needed to improve your soil quality. The soil doesn’t have to be that good – they are weeds, after all.

Plants grown outdoors receive far more light which helps develop the buds growing at the bottom of the plant as much as those at the top. Although you don’t have the control of an indoor grower, successfully growing marijuana outdoors provides you with a much larger yield.

You can place seeds directly into your soil or medium which will avoid any transplant shock. More often it is easier to germinate in a small pot or solo cup of your chosen medium. Be sure that the pot or solo cup has holes in the bottom for excess water to drain. Once they are established and the threat of frost is gone, you can plant them in the garden or into bigger pots.

There are numerous methods for sprouting seeds. Using the paper towel method, seeds are placed on moistened paper towel on a plate and placed in a warm dark place. Usually covered with plastic or an upturned plate to retain moisture and humidity. After a few days to a week, your seeds will have sprouted.

You can simply soak your seeds in enzyme enriched water until you see the tap root appear then put in your medium. The seedling will quickly strike and break the surface about a week later. You can place your germinated seeds into jiffy pots, peat plugs or rock wool for further growth. Once you see roots poking out, you can put them into their final position without damaging roots. This method is easy to maintain and takes a very small space.

You plant seeds so that the white root faces downward, about a knuckle deep into your growing medium. The top of the seed should be just below the surface. It can take anywhere from a couple of hours to a couple of days before you see the young seedling emerge from the soil or growing medium. If your marijuana seedling hasn’t sprouted from the soil within 10 days after being placed root-down, it probably isn’t going to make it. Even with the best practices and the best seeds, you will occasionally lose a seed. Many times it has nothing to do with you!

When you move seedlings around a lot, it stresses them out and potentially stunts their growth. Too much stress can even kill them. So try to plan from the beginning so that you move your seedlings around as little as possible. Once they get bigger, they are a lot more hardy and can stand a lot more stress and movement.

If you will be transplanting your seedlings again, avoid transplanting until they are well established and have a couple of sets of leaves (nodes). If you plant seedlings in a growing medium in a solo cup or peat pot, you can just cut away the cup or the bottom of the peat pot for easy transplanting.

For fastest growth rates, it’s better to plant young seedlings or clones in a very small container. The reason you want to start with a small container is that your plant’s young roots thrive on oxygen. Cannabis plant roots “breathe” oxygen, just like we breathe air. It’s important that young cannabis roots get plenty of oxygen so the plant can grow as fast as possible.

By planting young seeds in a small container with holes in the bottom, the growing medium will dry out much more quickly, allowing you to water more often. The young cannabis seed will get plenty of oxygen and water. However, young plant roots do not drink much water yet. So if you use a large container, they will use up all of the oxygen quickly and need more before you need to water again.

Growing cannabis is an organic process without strict sets of rules. It is not a linear system to learn, but an art to be mastered. There are a number of equally effective methods for germinating cannabis seeds and all require water, warmth and air. Over time you will find the one that works best for you.

GroMommaby Kathy Goff

It’s time to plant. The ideal window is NOW for planting seeds directly into the ground outdoors. Of course, you can also grow your seedlings indoors and transplant them outdoors into the ground or in containers after the last frost.

To grow outdoors you need a sunny location with at least 5 hours of direct sunlight and 5 hours of darkness per day for eight to ten weeks. Consider surrounding objects such as buildings and trees and how the angle of the sun changes over the course of the growing season. Ideally, your grow site will get sun all day long throughout the growing season.

Your plants will need to be spaced at least three to five feet apart, so they all get plenty of sun and breeze. Since you will be tending your plants daily, pick a location with easy access. Unless it rains every few days, you’ll need to water your plants regularly.

You may want to have your soil tested at your county extension office. Test results will show pH levels and levels of the key nutrients of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. You can ask for recommendations on the amendments needed to improve your soil quality. The soil doesn’t have to be that good – they are weeds, after all.

Plants grown outdoors receive far more light which helps develop the buds growing at the bottom of the plant as much as those at the top. Although you don’t have the control of an indoor grower, successfully growing marijuana outdoors provides you with a much larger yield.

You can place seeds directly into your soil or medium which will avoid any transplant shock. More often it is easier to germinate in a small pot or solo cup of your chosen medium. Be sure that the pot or solo cup has holes in the bottom for excess water to drain. Once they are established and the threat of frost is gone, you can plant them in the garden or into bigger pots.

There are numerous methods for sprouting seeds. Using the paper towel method, seeds are placed on moistened paper towel on a plate and placed in a warm dark place. Usually covered with plastic or an upturned plate to retain moisture and humidity. After a few days to a week, your seeds will have sprouted.

You can simply soak your seeds in enzyme enriched water until you see the tap root appear then put in your medium. The seedling will quickly strike and break the surface about a week later. You can place your germinated seeds into jiffy pots, peat plugs or rock wool for further growth. Once you see roots poking out, you can put them into their final position without damaging roots. This method is easy to maintain and takes a very small space.

You plant seeds so that the white root faces downward, about a knuckle deep into your growing medium. The top of the seed should be just below the surface. It can take anywhere from a couple of hours to a couple of days before you see the young seedling emerge from the soil or growing medium. If your marijuana seedling hasn’t sprouted from the soil within 10 days after being placed root-down, it probably isn’t going to make it. Even with the best practices and the best seeds, you will occasionally lose a seed. Many times it has nothing to do with you!

When you move seedlings around a lot, it stresses them out and potentially stunts their growth. Too much stress can even kill them. So try to plan from the beginning so that you move your seedlings around as little as possible. Once they get bigger, they are a lot more hardy and can stand a lot more stress and movement.

If you will be transplanting your seedlings again, avoid transplanting until they are well established and have a couple of sets of leaves (nodes). If you plant seedlings in a growing medium in a solo cup or peat pot, you can just cut away the cup or the bottom of the peat pot for easy transplanting.

For fastest growth rates, it’s better to plant young seedlings or clones in a very small container. The reason you want to start with a small container is that your plant’s young roots thrive on oxygen. Cannabis plant roots “breathe” oxygen, just like we breathe air. It’s important that young cannabis roots get plenty of oxygen so the plant can grow as fast as possible.

By planting young seeds in a small container with holes in the bottom, the growing medium will dry out much more quickly, allowing you to water more often. The young cannabis seed will get plenty of oxygen and water. However, young plant roots do not drink much water yet. So if you use a large container, they will use up all of the oxygen quickly and need more before you need to water again.

Growing cannabis is an organic process without strict sets of rules. It is not a linear system to learn, but an art to be mastered. There are a number of equally effective methods for germinating cannabis seeds and all require water, warmth and air. Over time you will find the one that works best for you.

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