Patient of the Month – Mattie Badgewell

by Kayla Johnson

Medical cannabis patients have a unique ability to become advocates of cannabis use, simply by living their lives and sharing how the plant helps them become the best version of themselves they can be. Mattie Badgewell is one of those patients who has shared her story widely, to give people a glimpse of how cannabis has changed not only her life, but the lives of some of her loved ones as well.

Though Badgewell grew up in Park City, Kansas, she moved to Oklahoma in 2006 after meeting her husband, and has deep roots in the Oklahoma cannabis community. Unlike many of us, Badgewell’s upbringing was decidedly pro-cannabis, rather than vehemently against it.

“As a teenager, my father made a point to talk to me about drugs, and alcohol, and peer pressure; he always told me that if I decided to go out with friends, I should smoke cannabis instead of drinking. Needless to say, that’s what I did.”

Like thousands of others, Badgewell’s first experience with cannabis came in those teenage years when many first try it for themselves. “I was around fifteen, I believe. I smoked off and on as a teenager and a young adult. I stopped several times for different reasons over the years, but I’ve been a daily user for the last three to four years now.”

That long-term experience helped Badgewell shake off some of the stigmas and stereotypes that many of us are familiar with, and for her, legalization didn’t change much. “When I became a legal cardholder, my opinion didn’t change much, but I was just glad to see that the stigma and worry of not being legal was gone.”

While she’s always been in favor of it, it wasn’t until a loved one needed it medically that she began to truly appreciate that aspect of the plant. “It wasn’t until my son became a medical cannabis patient that I started to see the science and true medical benefits that cannabis has.”

Now, Badgewell, her husband of 14 years, and their son all have medical cards. “We do have two daughters as well who do not use medical cannabis, but they, along with our other family members and friends, have been very supportive of my use and our son’s use as well. I’ve been very open about it, which isn’t easy because I think the stigma of using cannabis as a mom still exists.”

That stigma is one familiar to countless women across the state and across the world, and Badgewell says it’s something that even has her reconsidering what she shares on her own page at times. “I know I still second guess posting things on social media because I’m worried about judgment, but it’s something that I think we just have to reteach ourselves, that this is our medicine and that it’s okay to say that.”

While cannabis has made a dramatic impact on her health and her family life, Badgewell says the unique struggles that she faces as a mom and caregiver to two children with autism contributes heavily to the stress and anxiety that she combats with cannabis. “The day to day level of stress in my home can sometimes feel like a powder keg, and as much as I try, I’m still human; it was really beginning to impact me, I have stress hives on occasion, I can’t sleep as well, my body aches from all of the tension, and then depression just creeps in and out on a whim. In addition to all of this, I was diagnosed with endometriosis after years of unbearable pain and brushing it off. Cannabis has been the only thing that I can use throughout the day to relieve the tension I’m feeling and allow me to stay active and focused on my kids, it treats all my symptoms without adding any problems to the mix, and during the period after my first procedure to deal with my endometriosis, it was extremely helpful in treating my pain.”

With her family obligations, it’s not always easy for Badgewell to get out and about within the cannabis community. Even with the slight roadbumps, she has become a staple on Oklahoma cannabis-focused social media, running a Facebook group called ‘Ok CannaNet’. “I try to share and promote all of the local cannabis companies, networks, events and related legislation that I can. I’m as active and involved in the industry as I can be, including appearing on The Mother Planet and High Maintenance Productions, as well as speaking at two different events. I love advocating for cannabis, especially for pediatrics, and would love to continue doing so in any way that I can.”

Like many of her fellow patients, Badgewell is focused on the future, and where we can take the industry and community from here with the right support. “I would really like to see more pro-cannabis candidates running in our state and local government. This, in my opinion, seems to be the only way we can build a strong foundation for our medical program to remain what the people wanted and voted for. I also believe our medical market and industry should be fully implemented and protected before we shift our focus to a recreational market, and of course, we need federal decriminalization as the ultimate goal.”

For those who have yet to try cannabis, but are curious and maybe feel a bit uncertain about it, Badgewell encourages them to research it for themselves. “I’ve had a few conversations like this already, with people who are usually using pharmaceuticals that aren’t working or are causing more side effects than benefits for them. I always encourage them to research the endocannabinoid system, research the plant’s history, and remember that it’s a natural plant that grows in the ground. It’s no different than lavender or eucalyptus. It’s a natural form of medication that has been on this planet for centuries; I don’t think you could find a better example of God giving us what we need.”

Beneficial Companion Planting

by Kathy Goff, EdD

Companion planting is an inexpensive, planet-friendly long term organic solution to providing natural insecticides and fungicides for your cannabis plants. Marijuana responds to companion planting with more vigorous growth, greater resistance to disease and pests and heavier yields with more essential oil production.

Companion planting has a long history going back some 10,000 years. Some of the earliest examples of companion planting were pioneered by Native American tribes. The Three Sisters of corn, beans and squash were always interplanted. Companion planting of these three crops helped each other thrive.

The corn gave stability to the bean vines which wrapped around the long stalks. In return, the beans would fortify nitrogen levels in the roots which increase growth and yields. When planted with squash, the squash’s spiny nature would keep predators away as well as regulate moisture levels in the soil.

Companion planting with cannabis works in very much the same way. By creating its own micro-ecosystem, crops that are companion planted grow stronger, produce higher yields and have fewer problems with pests. This is called “permaculture” where you create a natural ecosystem in order for plants to grow as healthy and strong as possible without the need for harmful chemicals to boost plant growth or deter harmful insects.

Pests control is one of the benefits of companion gardening. Herbs such as basil, cilantro, and dill can help prevent unwanted pests from eating away at your plants. Companion plants, such as alfalfa, beans, chickweed offer added nourishment for growing cannabis. 

Camouflage is another advantage of companion planting. By growing some tall, leafy companion plants, you can hide your cannabis plants and nourish them at the same time. Hiding the smell of cannabis plants are already easily achievable with the help of aromatic herbs and flowers like jasmine, basil, lavender, and mint.

Some plants give off specific elements that add additional nutrients to the soil. These nutrients are then be converted by the beneficial microbes that make stronger and healthier plants. Some plants, such as chamomile and yarrow, increase production of oil in your cannabis plants, ensuring buds that are richer in resin content. Companion planting has many practical applications that can be tailored to meet your cultivation needs.

Let’s look at some specific plants that benefit the soil. Beans are a great way to supplement nitrogen. Beans absorb nitrogen from the air and transforms it into nitrites that are easily absorbed by cannabis plants. Alfalfa is called the “king of foods”, it fixes nitrogen and accumulates iron, magnesium, potassium and phosphorous. Alfalfa’s deep roots help break up the soil, increasing water penetration and retention and slowing evaporation.

Red and white clover are two of the best companion plants on the planet. They fix environmental nitrogen in their roots which help feed nitrogen to neighboring plants. The complex root structures also help create natural drainage. This allows water to more easily penetrate the soil.

Chamomile delights honeybees and hoverflies while repelling mosquitoes and whiteflies.  It captures calcium, sulphur and potassium which become embedded in the soil.  Spraying chamomile tea on seedlings will also keep fungal infections from occurring.

Companion plants provide valuable assistance in deterring pests.  Many of these plants have strong odors that repel insect pests. Basil is called the king of herbs.  Its sweet aroma deters aphids, mosquitos, and whiteflies. Lemon balm repels mosquitoes and gnats while attracting beneficial pollinators.  It also tends to infuse other plants near it with a distinctive citrus taste. Dill attracts honeybees and beneficial wasps.  Spider mites despise it as do aphids and squash bugs. 

Several herbs can be used to attract beneficial insects while keeping pests at bay.  Lavendar attracts bees while repulsing fleas, ticks. aphids and spider mites. Peppermint repels ants, fleas and aphids while attracting beneficial bugs. Cilantro and sage keep aphids, spider mites and beetles away.

A couple of beneficial flowers are marigolds and sunflowers. Marigolds attract beneficial nectar-eating insects while repulsing aphids, whiteflies, mosquitos, beetles and nematodes. Their powerful smell is a chemical that is also released into the soil.

Sunflowers attract aphids and whiteflies as well as ladybugs and hummingbirds that eat them. Their roots are a great addition to compost and are great for the soil. Their roots are so effective that they are used to filter grey water and are even being used to process irradiated water at Fukushima.

A couple of beneficial vegetables are chili peppers and garlic.  Chili peppers deter large pests like deer, rabbits and mice as well as insects. The peppers can be dried, ground to a powder and used to sprinkle around the plants or made into a spray insecticide/pesticide. Garlic is a natural fungicide as well as pesticide. It deters large and small pests and protects against disease.  Garlic can be planted near cannabis or used topically in a spray for spot treatments. 

If you’re going to be companion planting outdoors, you can plant one or many different companions near your cannabis plants. The distance between the companion plants and your marijuana plants will depend on the reason you’re using that particular plant. For example, if you are trying to hide your garden, you might want to grow it around the perimeter of your garden rather than next to your plants. On the other hand, if you’re going to be using companions to help provide nutrients, then it’s fine to grow them right next to the cannabis plant.

When it comes to growing indoors, you can grow some companions in the same pot. Alfalfa is a perfect example of this. It doesn’t need a whole other pot. However, if you want to ward off pests by growing basil, it might be good to have a few scattered around the grow room.

Age old methods of cultivation are coming full circle. With growers looking for more natural ways to cultivate cannabis, companion planting is a safe and effective method of achieving that goal.

Kayla’s Pick – Wedding Cake

by Kayla Johnson

Whether you’ve gotten hitched yourself or have attended the nuptials of a friend or loved one, the culinary highlight of any wedding celebration is the cake, and for good reason; cake is pretty synonymous with a good time.

While most gatherings of friends and family are on hold for the foreseeable future, our pick this month is named after the ultimate celebratory treat, to help you celebrate love at home: Wedding Cake. This indica-dominant hybrid is one truly worth celebrating; with a sky-high THC level that sits anywhere from 23-25%, Wedding Cake, which occasionally goes by Pink Cookies,  is a potent pick that will leave even veteran consumers with high tolerances feeling as giddy as a newlywed. With its indica leanings, it offers immense calming and relaxation, while sparking appetites and rapid pain relief for those who need it.

The offspring of Girl Scout Cookies and Cherry Pie, like any good wedding cake, this strain tends to be a looker; with dark green buds sprinkled with bright orange hairs, it’s not uncommon to see hints of purple or even pink in the dense flower. Just as important, a thick layer of trichome frosting gives even the naked eye a good look at just how potent it is and fingers tend to end up sugary-sticky after handling it.

Like the name would suggest, even the aroma has a hint of sweetness. Fruity flavors from its Cherry Pie parent mix wonderfully with a touch of sourness, making it almost tangy without being sharp. Underlying that fruitiness is the faintest bit of peppery kick, and with both Myrcene and Caryophyllene in its terpene profile, it almost has an earthy aroma to it as well. It’s one of the most unique scent profiles I’ve encountered so far, and it’s now a favorite.

That aroma transitions to intense flavor once you light up. With that thick frosted-layer of trichomes, it’s no surprise that the smoke produced when you spark it is intense. I would venture to even call it harsh, especially if you’re not someone who smokes their flower regularly. While it does lean towards harsh, it also provides a rich flavor that is far more appealing than some, and many people find that yes, it really does taste like a cake. For those who prefer a dry-herb vaporizer, prepare for heavier vapor than many strains produce, and a clean, almost creamy flavor. And coughs. Be ready to cough.

What really makes this strain stand out from the rest is the potency; make no mistake, if you’re a novice in the cannabis world, I highly advise you to take it low and slow with Wedding Cake. With its high THC levels and smooth flavor, it’s easy to see how someone, even a more veteran consumer, could ingest far more than they meant to. While this is a hybrid that leans heavily towards indica, many patients and consumers find that they experience a sense of immense euphoria right away, along with a noted increase to their pace of thinking. It’s an intense experience, but before it can seem overwhelming, deep relaxation quickly rushes in with a pleasant, almost warm heaviness that most people feel sinking into their limbs bit by bit. Despite the almost sedating effects, I noticed that I didn’t necessarily feel foggy, or ‘tuned out’ from things; if anything, I felt relaxed enough to embrace creativity and tasks more readily.

For those who have serious medical problems, this hard-hitting strain may be a game changer. Because it offers relaxation and relief without making one feel overly groggy or tired when taken in smaller amounts, it is a viable choice for those battling depression, anxiety, stress, or physical pain who need both relief and mobility. In larger doses, especially in the evening, it’s an ideal strain for those who deal with insomnia or more pain in the evenings after a long day of functioning. More hits will take you closer to couch lock, but unlike many strains, it may only take one bowl to get you there, making it an economical choice for many as well. Cancer patients and others struggling to keep a regular appetite going can find quick stimulation from this strain; it’s a munchie-inducer, and for those who struggle to eat enough due to treatment or a medication change, it can literally be a lifesaver.

All in all, I was fairly impressed with Wedding Cake. It was much more potent than I had realized it would be, which is not a bad thing, but for those who may have a lower tolerance to cannabis than others, it could lead to an accidental early-night-on-the-couch for you, or a wicked case of the munchies. It’s a strain that I would highly recommend that just about anybody try for themselves, and while I tend to prefer sativa myself, I’ll be adding this to my regular arsenal.

Plant Based Medicine

Continuing our Journey

by Brittney Graham

Last month we took a trip into learning about magic mushrooms. See what I did there? This month, we are going to be traveling down the rabbit hole of information on the broader term of Entheogens. Formerly known as psychedelic drugs, Entheogens have come to be much more than just a trip for kicks. Now, they can be used as a part of a wondrously conscious journey into other, more spiritual realms, and can bring powerful knowledge about ones self.

To get more scientific and less spiritual, Entheogens are plants and fungi, or sometimes lab-made substances with mind-altering properties. We are going to focus on the plant based naturally occurring substances for the sake of our plant-based medicine articles such as Peyote, Ayahuasca, and magic mushrooms. By dictionary terms, Entheogen means ‘god within’ or ‘spirit facilitating’, which makes it safe to say that it can kick start some out of this world inspirational trips or experiences.

So how does this work? In more scientific terms anyway. Well, Entheogens produce mystical or inspirational experiences by working strongly on the central nervous system. Stick with me here it gets more scientific right about now. This push on our central nervous system makes our senses sharper and improves the function on the brain that brings us mind blowing insights and creative thoughts. It is usually experienced in colors becoming more detailed or movement of objects that don’t normally are very much in a still position.  This is where questions like, who am I? and Why am I here? start to get answered from within.  The therapeutic benefits of these “trips” are that they bring up unconscious materials that we normally suppress, forcing us to confront them. Almost like an internal therapist that knows you better than you know yourself. It Is said that once you have taken an entheogen, it is hard to see the world in the same way ever again.

It is very important to note that this process is nothing new at all. For example, Psychedelic mushrooms have been names as the cause of huge evolutionary leaps in consciousness. In other examples, the ancient Egyptians used the sacred Blue Lotus, the Mazatec of Mexico used the Salvia Divinorum, and the Sadhus of India used Cannabis. In fact, the 1960’s ‘psychedelic’ term was changed recently to Entheogen to refer to all the plants and substances revered in sacred rituals such as the ones listed above. Now that we have a grasp on Entheogens, lets talk about a couple of them, shall we?


Peyote is a small spineless cactus that grows in the American southwest and northern Mexico. The principle active compound is mescaline, which functions similar to a neurotransmitter when consumed. Peyote is more on the mild scale when it comes to the Entheogen family. Colors can become more enhanced and life can feel like it became HD all of a sudden at small doses. At a higher dose, full fledge visions can unfold. It is important to note that the common effect of this plant-based medicine is extreme nausea and digestive discomfort.  This is also known as the act of “getting well” or purging.


Traditionally, Ayahuasca has been used by indigenous cultures in the Amazon and surrounding areas in shamanic practices. However, it is safe to say it has become a widespread practice throughout the world today. Banisteriopsis Caapi and Psychotria Virdis are the two main ingredients in this powerful concoction. The latter ingredient contains DMT and is considered a Schedule I substance, but the irony is that countless species of plants create this compound including every mammal, humans included.

It tastes awful but only a shot glass full is usually taken during ceremony. Take note that this is done in a closed environment setting with seasoned individuals leading the entire process. Full fledge visions are common and most users experience vibrations of abundant energy throughout their bodies. The effects of a single drink usually last up to a few hours and during long ceremonies repeated rounds of drinking are standard. Like peyote, Ayahuasca induces the purge effect of vomiting and is considered cleansing and purifying.



by Sarah Lee Gossett Parrish, Cannabis Lawyer1

Prior to the COVID-19 global pandemic, “force majeure” was merely a stock provision placed in most contracts that seldom, if ever, became an issue. Now, the landscape has changed dramatically, and Oklahoma medical marijuana businesses need to be aware of what this provision means and how it may apply to them.

Force majeure provisions are contained in contracts—leases, insurance policies, business contracts—contracts involving most Oklahoma medical marijuana businesses. Under conditions like the present, where economic volatility is a real concern, disputes between companies will multiply, and many businesses, medical marijuana companies among them, will seek to extinguish commitments and modify contracts. For some businesses, force majeure clauses may provide a viable option.

In essence, a force majeure provision excuses a party’s performance under a contract when such performance becomes impossible or impracticable due to circumstances beyond the party’s control. Declaratory judgment actions are being filed in the few jurisdictions where courts are still open for non-emergency litigation (via electronic filing networks), to determine whether COVID-19 and/or the government’s efforts to mitigate it (shelter-in-place orders and business closures) would qualify as force majeure events. Two such cases have already been filed in California and Kentucky. Whether force majeure clauses will excuse a party’s failure to perform under a contract will likely become an important question for Oklahoma’s medical marijuana businesses to answer during the COVID-19 crisis and in the months to follow.

Similar to any contractual terms, the scope and effect of a force majeure provision is determined by its specific language and applicable state law. However, the language used in these provisions and the laws governing their interpretation share common features that make it possible to draw some general conclusions about how Oklahoma courts could apply them.

Standard Force Majeure Language

Standard language included in most force majeure clauses enumerates triggering force majeure events such as “Act of Government,” “Act of God,” and “circumstances beyond the parties’ control”. Other language sometimes used, but perhaps less common, would include the words: “pandemic,” “epidemic,” “disease,” or “national emergency.” Notably, a force majeure event must cause the party’s non-performance under the contract, in order for it to be successfully applied. Thus, parties to a contract who could not perform even prior to the COVID-19 crisis, or who now cannot perform for some reason other than the pandemic, cannot rely upon force majeure to excuse their non-performance. 2

Disruption of Performance Standard

How bad does the force majeure event have to be to excuse non-performance? In other words, how disruptive to performance under the contract must a force majeure event be to apply? Again, the specific language of the provision in each contract sets the standard. Many clauses require that performance be rendered impossible by the force majeure event. Some provide for more lenient standards, such as commercial impracticability.

Thus, if the COVID-19 crisis has merely made contract performance less convenient or profitable, then it is likely that the applicable standard will not be satisfied under even more lenient standards. However, if a business can establish a causal link between the COVID-19 crisis and non-performance under the contract, and can also show significant efforts to mitigate the virus’ impact on performance, then there is a plausible argument that the force majeure provision would apply. Ultimately, however, these issues will be litigated by the courts when litigation resumes, and such litigation will likely span years, if not decades.

So…what’s the take-away?

Take a hard look at the force majeure provisions in your lease, insurance policies, and/or business contracts. If you plan to rely on force majeure, build a solid case before terminating your lease or accepting a distributor’s position that product deliveries have been terminated. Call your lawyer, too. You will need a good one to get through this.


Information contained herein provides general information related to the law and does not provide legal advice. It is recommended that readers consult their personal lawyer if they want legal advice. No attorney-client or confidential relationship exists or is formed between you and Ms. Parrish as a result of this article.

Spring in to Green

by Brittney Graham

Spring is in the air! The birds are chirping, the flowers are budding, and the trees are coming back to life. Actually, everything is coming back to life! With Easter festivities being on a hold with everything going on in the world, I thought it might be nice to celebrate some local cannabis edibles that really put us into the spring mood. Medical Marijuana has been deemed Essential by the state of Oklahoma during this state of emergency, so nothing is stopping us from celebrating the spring season the green way.

Dana’s Edibles Salted Carmel Bites are 150mg of full spectrum yumminess. You could throw these babies in some Easter eggs and have an adult egg hunt in your living room, just saying.




Spring and fresh fruit seem to go hand in hand, don’t they? Well, Green Hornet 10-piece 100mg gummies are the perfect way to enjoy some delicious fruity flavors in light of the season. With flavors like watermelon, mixed fruit, and blue raspberry its hard to decide which one to try first!

Sterling Cannabis Company’s 100mg Less Stress Mints will have us a little less anxious about all this spring cleaning that is for sure.  It is meant for micro dosing, so it is perfect for popping in throughout a day of organizing and scrubbing.


You should check out the In The Weeds video with Herbage.  It explains a lot about the company.



With all the colorful sprinkles, this Goodfellas Chocolate Chip 250 mg cookie looks absolutely mouthwatering. Not to mention those pastels make us think of beautifully painted Easter eggs. Actually, painting some eggs might not be a bad idea after eating one of these bad boys.

  Nerd ropes are always a sweet and colorful treat but what about with a twist? Cartel Oil and Oklahoma’s Premier Reserve have teamed up to give us the award-winning Okie Dope Ropes. These ropes of color are 250mg of water-soluble THC goodness. Doesn’t it just make you want to go outside and jump rope in the front yard? Come on, you know you want too.

  Bees, they are amazing for the planet and for us humans. With all the flowers blooming, we can’t help but see these little guys buzzing about pollinating as they wish. Terpenetics 1:1 infused honey does an amazing job at capturing the job of all these busy bees paired with green in one delicious jar.

  The weather is warming up and that means we can get that grill started! Too Sticky has our back with their 1000mg Barbecue sauce. Just be sure that your done with all the cooking before you scarf down those baby back ribs and brisket, or you might forget what you’re doing all together. Too Sticky also carries a hot sauce and strawberry jam for all your front yard picnic needs. What other excuse do you need to get out in the sunshine and enjoy some delicious spring food? I’ll wait.

Celebrating 420 At Home

by Brittney Graham

Just because we are staying home this month doesn’t mean we can’t celebrate 420 in some pretty epically green ways. I mean, its 2020 which means the entire month this month is all about the green. What better way to take our minds off some of the more serious things going on by celebrating this Cannabis holiday is stoner creative ways?  Here are some fun ways to celebrate 420 without leaving your house!

Hot Box Tent

Let’s start out list out with a bang! You can either make your blanket fort inside or pitch a tent outside in your back yard for this one. Hot boxing is when you light up a joint in an enclosed space so that you can breathe in the smoke your toking out.  This is normally done in a group but who says we can’t facetime and hotbox?

Eat a fancy Edible

Head over to your favorite dispensary and grab a fancy edible to celebrate the day, or in this case, the month. If you are new to the edible game, be sure to start small no matter what day it is. If not, try something you haven’t tried before and let the delicious morsel take effect. A majority of dispensaries have changed their protocol to curbside pick up so be sure to check before you order.

Or Read These Great Recipes


Get Creative

After you medicate, paint or draw a picture, even if you aren’t an artist! Seriously, you would be surprised just how differently you see things after having a new edible or hotboxing in your living room. This doesn’t need to be fancy, use your fingers or chalk on your sidewalk. Fill little balloons with paint and throw darts at them on a canvas. Do what speaks to you.




Watch Some Classic Stoner Movies

Facebook watch allows you and your friends to be able to watch movies together while apart. The chrome extension for Netflix does this as well! In fact, there are tons of ways to be able to watch some of your favorite stoner movies this month with your friends even though we are social distancing. Make it a game; try to watch 5 classic stoner movies in one sitting. Sure, it sounds easy now, but when your 5 bowls and 4 movies in and just trying to stay conscious while Cheech rolls the worlds biggest joint it won’t seem like such an easy feat.

Here are some recommendations: Half Baked, Harold and Kumar, Dazed and Confused, Fast Times at Ridgemont High, How High, Friday, Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, and The Big Lebowski.

Build a Scooby Doo Sandwich

There are a lot of different strains out there that will give you the munchies. While we explore those strains this month why not make it epic with a giant Scooby Doo like sandwich? You know, with as much produce and veggies you can throw on your hoagie? Of course, be aware of the times and be sure to not waste any of your preciously stockpiled food but have fun with it. We are celebrating 420 after all.

Inhale at 4:20

Inhaling cannabis smoke at 4:20 pm on 4/20 is epic, for a game changer be sure to light up at 4:20am too.

Play Some Old School Video Games

Seriously, tell me you didn’t find a Nintendo 64 or SAGA while you were spring cleaning the first week of isolation? Power those babies up and have a day of Golden Eye, Super Mario, and Sonic the Hedgehog.

Bake a Cake

Last, but certainly not least on our list is baking an epic 420 cake! Go all out with you ganja infused delicious masterpiece adding some canna butter and whipped frosting. Who says you can’t make it into the shape of a giant bong or pot leaf? Make some candle joints while you are at it so you can blow those candles out right in the name of this green holiday.

Community Wins

By Tab Moura

In uncertain times, we all begin to look around and consider what matters most to us. Considering the fact that an overwhelming amount of cannabis patients are immunocompromised, Covid-19 is a hot topic among us. What are our priorities and habits when we’re isolated from the outside world more than ever before? I see my husband working busily in our home office; we’re both so thankful that his work is flexible during this time. My children were already using virtual school, but we are accustomed to making several trips to therapies during the week, and outings to church and parks; this much home-time is unnatural for all of us.

As a disabled person this situation illuminates the things in my life that I can control, and what I cannot. I spent most of 2019 unable to drive due to Epilepsy that was not-yet managed. Like many of you, my life came to screeching halt this past March. Taking care of myself, my family and my business has not gone smoothly. What I have learned during this crisis has given me hope: community spreads faster than Covid-19.

If it cannot be done virtually, it’s canceled; we have all experienced this. I have been in quarantine for 17 days now; I have only left the house for an essential doctor appointment. Our family has food allergies, compromised immune systems, and neurological and developmental challenges. All 5 members of my family are OMMA card holding cannabis patients, we are thankful to still have full access to our medicine during such a stressful time. I heard someone once say that situations like this are easier for those of us who are “used to it”… let me be clear, there is no easier version of this situation out there, we just know it would be worse if we were to get sick.

I’m not the boss of anything, but if you need permission to vent, cry, take naps, etc… you have it! We are all being asked to do something superhuman, so take time to be human. If you don’t have one, right now would be a great time to create a dosing schedule for your cannabis medicine, so you can support any potential depression or anxiety that’s emerging during this situation. This is also helpful if you need to make you medicine funds go further.

None of us were ready to go into our homes and lock down for 6 weeks. As I sit in my office, headphones on and my kids are finally asleep in bed, I reflect on how overwhelming these weeks have been, but also how miraculously people have come together. Just in my own life, relying on grocery delivery, we have seriously struggled to find some of our hypoallergenic foods. I brought this concern to friends and family; before I knew it there was a group message going with multiple people making trips to grocery stores for us, and our fridge was full again. If you are immune compromised, facing extreme isolation right now, please bring this to the community’s attention. There are ways to get help with minimal contact.

We hear of people banding together in creative ways, from an entire neighborhood doing exercise together on their patios, to parking lots full of vehicles flashing their headlights and honking their horns, celebrating the hard work of individuals in our hospitals. While we may not be able to pass the blunt between one another right now, 4/20 is upon us. What modified plans do you have (in lieu of the shelter-in-place/quarantine protocols) to celebrate 420 with your cannacommunity? We would love to hear about it!

Keep looking out for your immune compromised friends and loved ones. And above all, keep demonstrating extreme community; your creativity and determination is bringing hope to isolated people next door, and across the globe.

All the Spectrums, What Does it Mean?

by Brittney Graham

Full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate are all phrases that have been plastered on labels that seem to hit me in that face when shopping for CBD. I have to admit, I may have smiled and nodded at first glance, but I had no idea what any of those terms actually meant. If I am being honest, it all sounded to much like a science test I didn’t pass. Thus, after my first CBD shopping experience, I got my butt home and started researching what those terms actually meant to better prepare myself for my next trip. So, let’s talk about what I found shall we?

Before I discuss exactly what they mean, lets start with why they matter. The very short answer is cannabinoids. We have discussed cannabinoids in length on the Divine Independence Blog on the website so be sure to check it out to brush up on them. From the series, we learned that different cannabinoids effect the endocannabinoid system within our bodies in their own unique ways.  For example, THC delivers the psychoactive effects referred to as “getting high”, while CBD does not. The full collection of cannabinoid forms and their effects is called the “cannabinoid spectrum”.

The cannabinoid range within the products I saw on those shelves is what determines whether it is full, broad, or CBD isolate. Knowing how the process works will help with the definitions. The creation of a CBD product is done by extracting the cannabinoid content from the Cannabis plant.  Terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids are also extracted during this process.  Of course, the strain and classification of the Cannabis plant will determine the makeup of their cannabinoid profile and depending on the end product, companies will choose the plant based on their needs. Once the extraction process is complete, the company can choose to refine the extract to contain only specific cannabinoids plant materials. The resulting product is what determines if the CBD extract is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate.

Time for terms.

Full Spectrum CBD

Full spectrum CBD is an extract that contains all compounds naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids.  This is where the famous “entourage effect” comes in. This effect occurs when the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils extracted from the plant work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid. At first, I thought this couldn’t be labeled on CBD products that boast no THC in them however, I found that it is based on the plant it is extracted from. For example, a hemp plant or strain like charlotte’s web carries miniscule amounts of THC if any depending.

CBD Isolate

An Isolate by definition is the purest form of a compound, which is produced by singularly extracting that compound from its environment and isolating it from all other compounds. With that in mind, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD because it is produced by removing all other components found native to the plant which includes terpenes, flavonoids, plant parts, and other cannabinoids. It is also important to note that due to its low to non-existent THC content, CBD isolate is usually extracted from Hemp plants.

Broad Spectrum CBD

Like Full spectrum CBD, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved; but, more on the CBD isolate side, the THC is completely removed. Broad spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids which means it can deliver the enhanced benefits of the entourage effects without the risk of the “high” effects of THC.

So, which one should we choose? It is important to note, that not one form is better than the other. That being said, here is a short list of each form and what they are best known for therapeutically helping to help make the best decision for you and your body.

CBD Isolate is best for:

  • People who were recommended to specifically take high doses of CBD
  • People with sensitivity to THC or other cannabinoids
  • People who prefer light flavors or no flavor

Broad Spectrum CBD is best for:

  • People with sensitivity to THC
  • People with conditions that CBD isolate alone cannot alleviate
  • First time users hesitant of THC

Full Spectrum CBD is best for:

  • People who were recommended a certain THC to CBD ratio
  • People with more sever conditions or conditions that CBD isolate and Broad Spectrum cannot alleviate.

From the Front Lines

At this writing we are just entering the month of April 2020.  By the time this article is published we will either be right in the middle of the worst of the Covid-19 outbreak for Oklahoma or just on the other side of it.  Here are some things to keep in mind.  Regardless of what pharma, or the TV, or some other “expert” tells you, you have a TREMENDOUS amount of power in your spice cabinet.  When paired with your favorite strains of cannabis or CBDs they become even more powerful.  Do a Google search on “antiviral herbs” and you will see exactly what I mean.  Some of these herbs will have far stronger antiviral actions than pharma solutions.  So what to do with them and how to take them, along with our immunity boosting cannabis?

To boost your immunity:  your endocannabinoid system directly manages the immune response.  The immune response is what is activated when a forgeign body, like a virus, enters our body.  We fight these “invaders” with antiviral resources which come from the foods or supplements we take (like vitamins, herbs, spices, etc).  If you have no gas in your car, your car does not start.  If you have no antiviral resources you will not be able to fight off a virus.  While cannabis and CBDs give us many resources to “manage” our immune response, there are better things to up our immunity.  When paired together they give us an additional firewall and additional resources to defend again things like a virus.  For instance turmeric paired with black pepper have been shown to increase immune markers (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17211725).  Raw garlic is also an excellent way to boost the immune system.

Antivirals:  in a similar way that the endocannabinoid needs resources to boost immunity, it also needs resources to fight infections.  Viral infections are somewhat different than bacterial infections and require different resources.  Many herbs and spices have been studied as to how they impact certain viruses.  Sage is a very powerful antiviral as is garlic and these both would provide resources to fight seasonal flu.  Licorice has shown efficacy with SARS-Corona type viruses (which is what Covid-19 is).

This is an editorial, but GnuPharma does have formulations based on this science and these herbs and spices.  We have several brands which sell these formulations and you can find that information at www.gnupharma.com.

In the pharma world, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and chloroquine (CQ) should be readily available.  As most will know at this writing these are showing a 100% recovery rate for the virus when paired with certain antibiotics.  The FDA has just cleared the way for their use.  If these drugs become unavailable, the cannabis industry could be tasked with extracting cinchona bark for quinine and have suggested as much to Commissioner Cox.

#itstime we realized we are in this together.  Our industry is about the future of health, so let’s help where we can!

Cooking With Grass – Carrot Cake

by Kayla Johnson

Carrot cake is one of those desserts that’s kind of old school, but in an iconic way. This sweet and spiced treat is often a familiar sight at holidays, from Christmas to Easter, and even the Fourth of July. While carrots aren’t typically dessert food on their own, when finely grated, they provide a uniquely sweet flavor and texture that pair surprisingly well with cinnamon, ginger, and of course, a buttery cream-cheese frosting. Many people choose to add nuts to the top and sides for a bit of a crunchy texture, but other options include shredded coconut or crushed wafer cookies.

The recipe we’ve selected this month offers a comforting dose of both flavor and medicine; from the deliciously rich cake to the sweet cannabutter frosting, it’s a green twist on an old favorite. Because both the cake and frosting are medicated, that means each piece will be particularly potent, so as good as it is, pace yourself with this one. If you are looking for a really high dosage, use cannabis for both sticks of butter in the frosting rather than just one.

With the current recommendation for most people to remain home as often as possible, it’s especially important to make sure any of your infused treats stored at home are properly labeled and secured to prevent any accidental consumption by family or housemates looking for a snack.


Carrot cake:

1 ½ C light brown sugar, packed

1 lb carrots, finely grated

3 large eggs

⅓ C buttermilk

1 ½ tsp vanilla extract

½ tsp ground cloves

1 tsp cinnamon

1 tsp ginger

1 tsp baking soda

1 tsp baking powder

1 tsp salt

3 C all-purpose flour (can adust with wheat or coconut flour instead as you need)

1 ½ C cannabutter (can use coconut oil if preferred)

Cannabutter cream-chease frosting:

1 stick of butter, softened

1 stick of cannabutter, softened (if your butter isn’t in stick-form, measure out the correct amount, ½ cup, and allow to soften)

1 tsp vanilla extract

16 oz cream cheese, softened

3-4 C confectioners or powdered sugar

Lightly salt to taste

Optional: walnuts or additional toppings

Other items:

2 9” round pans

Parchment paper


Carrot cake:

  1. Preheat oven to 350*F. Line both pans with parchment paper and set aside. (You can use a different baking pan, but be sure to adjust bake time if needed to fully set in 9×13 or bundt pan.)
  2. After washing carrots, grate them as finely as you can using a shredder or vegetable peeler. Add them to a large mixing bowl.
  3. Melt your cannabutter or oil, just enough to liquefy it, and after ensuring it’s not too hot, whisk together the carrot shreds, melted butter, brown sugar, eggs, vanilla extract, and buttermilk until thoroughly combined.
  4. After mixing the wet ingredients together with the sugar, in a separate bowl combine the flour, baking powder and soda, ground cinnamon, salt, cloves, and ginger, stirring with a fork to ensure an even mixture.
  5. Bit by bit, add your dry ingredients into the large bowl, stirring well after each addition to the mixture. Continue this until thoroughly combined.
  6. Evenly distribute your batter between your two pans, and bake for 35-40 minutes, or until a toothpick comes out clean from the center when inserted. Allow them to cool fully.

Cannabutter cream cheese frosting:

  1. Using a hand mixer or upright standmixer, combine your softened butter, cannabutter, and cream cheese in a large bowl. Add the vanilla extract, along with a bit of salt if you like, and mix again.
  2. One cup at a time, add in the powdered sugar. Take a moment to taste the frosting after three cups, and add a fourth if you think it needs it.

Once your cakes have cooled, frost as desired, and add your topping of preference immediately after. Enjoy!


*Writer’s note*

I think we can all agree that 2020 is not going how any of us could have possibly imagined.

To say that it’s been an overwhelming year so far is a drastic understatement; wherever this recipe finds you this month, I hope you’re well and safe. While our holiday gatherings and celebrations are on hold for the foreseeable future, I hope this month’s classic choice is one that you’ll use whenever you have the opportunity to be with your friends and loved ones in person again, or whenever you need a little bit of comfort at home during this time.

Be well,


Half Baked News

by Brittney Graham

The DEA Has Approved Cannabis Research Application

It has been 4 years for researchers anticipating the approval of their applications to the Drug Enforcement Administration to grow Marijuana for medical research. Finally, the DEA has announced that they will evaluate 37 applications and also proposed new ruled for the prospective growers that outlined how the program would work. Because it wouldn’t be big brother if there wasn’t a booklet of outlines! But in all seriousness, this could possibly open up the path for traditional drug development in the United States so that’s a win.

Move Over Toilet Paper Cannabis is Being Added to the Stockpile

As COVID-19 lands on the United States, everyone is stockpiling for social distancing, isolation, and quarantine. We all know that toilet paper is at the top of that list but guess what other industry has experienced an unprecedented boom? Yep, the Cannabis Industry. According to Politico, almost all of the 33 states that have legalized medical or recreational marijuana have classified marijuana-related business as essential, thereby allowing them to remain open and operational.  The report also boasts that some states are witnessing a surge in sales up to 20%.

The portal American Marijuana conducted a survey on 990 US Marijuana consumers and almost half of the respondents stated that they had ensured supplies of cannabis to face the lockdown and the pandemic. Although 95% reported that in light of the situation, their priority went to food, toilet paper, and hand sanitizers, 28% of them claimed that they considered marijuana to be more important than face masks. Move over normal self- care supplies, cannabis is coming through!

When Your Special Delivery is Sent to the Wrong Place

Last month the Staff at the Governor Calvert House in Maryland received a package that wasn’t addressed to anyone staying or working there. When they got a call form a man who said he needed to pick the package up from a blocked number, the staff thought it might be a good idea to call the police. Because people always get their mail delivered to places that they have never stayed right?  Come to find out, the brown cardboard box was allegedly packed with over 14 pounds of marijuana and approximately 1,000 grams of concentrate from California.

Greg Harris, the alias used by the subject showed up to collect his bounty and was greeted by two police officers and arrested under his real name Michael Clayton Kenney.  The 24-year-old was charged with importing between 5 and 45 kilograms of Marijuana into Maryland, possession with intent to distribute drugs and possession of more than 10 grams of marijuana- 6,554 grams, to be exact, all stated by court records.

Pediatric Cannabis Therapy

Trial and Error

by Tab Moura

So, you are interested in using cannabis therapeutically for your child… What now? Next to our most frequently asked “why would a child need cannabis?” we frequently hear that parents would prefer something natural for their kids, but they could never give something like Cannabis to their kids without a considerable amount of research first. I assure you, I completely support this position; I’ve said those words myself. It can be quite challenging to navigate this as a parent, and in uncertain times it can be even more overwhelming to consider navigating this on your own.

When I first began looking into cannabis therapy for my children, I had one extremely helpful individual (a seasoned processor) who was eager to support me while learning what strains and methods might work best for my girls’ needs. He taught us “how to fish” so to speak; much of our early success with this plant was due to this man’s willingness to help. We gradually began making our own medicines to get more and more terpene specific, while still avoiding our food allergies. When I think back to those early days, I recall how paralyzed I felt by my lack of knowledge… but I took that anxiety, converted it into curiosity, and pursued formal cannabis education.

Even with formal education, it was tricky to navigate dosing and ingestion methods, because the girls weren’t the best at giving me feedback. Only 1 of my 3 children were able to speak when we began cannabis therapy, so we had to find creative ways of getting feedback from them. As a rule, I am mindful that while my kids’ health affects me, it’s not my body. I am not medicating them to make me more comfortable, but to help them feel more comfortable. How could I possibly do this without their feedback? If we were tracking an adult therapy plan it would be measurable and include industry terms, like indica, sativa, euphoria, giddy, sedation, etc. Children may find super creative ways to say the same: “slow” and “bouncy” to describe indica vs sativa, or “shiny” “silly” and “knocked out” to describe euphoria, giddiness and sedation. It doesn’t matter what you call it as long as you have a mutual understanding of what they are describing.

While I actively sample everything my children will consume, this practice will not predict how they will individually respond, because we all have different weights and health conditions. Cannabis strains, which are made up of various cannabinoids and terpenes, impact each of us differently. Kids are no exception. My autistic kids respond really well to terpenes that promote focus, whereas those same terpenes might overstimulate my kiddo with seizures, because hyper-focus is already one of her neurological symptoms. Also, as many pediatric caregivers have witnessed, children often don’t mind how a cannabis product tastes when they know it makes them feel good (yes, even the earthiest tasting tinctures or oils.) My children rarely disapprove of a product. I also made my own visual pain/emotion scale for my children (using one of their favorite cartoon characters) so they could express themselves, even without words.

We simply cannot build a successful therapy plan without consumer feedback, but feedback doesn’t need to be verbal. What feels like “trial and error” today, is experience that will later become someone else’s scaffolding. Every one of us is interconnected, fates intertwined, working together to elevate the cannabis community.


Monthly Therapy Planning Tips:

Trial and error is a crucial part of every cannabis therapy plan; while it can feel overwhelming, the sooner you embrace the important role it plays, the sooner you or your children will benefit from cannabis therapy. As always, we recommend starting “low and slow,” meaning low dosing, and space the doses out. For pediatrics you can always begin with a higher CBD %, and track their progress to give your consultant, bud tender or processor, insight on how to best support you.

Strainology – April 2020

Your April 2020 horoscope and what Cannabis strain will help you get through it! Remember, these are based on your Sun signs!

by Brittney Graham

Aries: Happy Birthday season dear Aries! Saying it has been off to a rough start would be an understatement wouldn’t it? This doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy your special day! Get some friends into a virtual chat and be sure to eat that cake! The cake doesn’t have to be baked to get you baked, grab the Hybrid Birthday Cake Kush and enjoy your season!

Taurus:  Being more confident and assertive this month might have some good news coming your way in the business and financial sections of your life Taurus. Trust yourself and be in your power! Stay focused, uplifted, and creative during this energetic time by grabbing some of the Hybrid Sour Patch Kiss.

Gemini: April brings you a time of self-reflection and distancing dear Gemini. Focus on ways you can invest in your own well being and pleasure instead of everyone around you. Stay relaxed and a little euphoric while you soul search with the Hybrid Wedding Cake.

Cancer:  Focus on a spiritual or creative practice that will replenish your energy this month Cancer. You are going to need it with the spring cleaning that needs to be done to your friends list and possibly that close family issue that is coming to a head. Stay happy, relaxed, and uplifted during this cleanout by grabbing some of the Sativa Chocolate Thai.

Leo:  Things might have been a little stagnant as of late for you dear Leo. Get in contact with close friends and lend support, it will make you feel so much better giving and also receiving support from an outside source. The Indica Extreme Cream will help elevate your mood and keep you relaxed after a day of all that support.

Virgo: Creative differences might have your financial stream in a crunch this month Virgo. However, you have some one looking out for you when it comes to help with your career, now is the time to count your blessings!

Libra:  You have been feeling yourself as of late and that is a great thing Libra! You will have opportunities this month to use that power and put yourself first. Jump start your creativity by starting up that dream machine of yours with some of the Indica Cookie Monster.

Scorpio: This is the month to bury the hatchet with close friends or partners that you have been having it out with lately. You will feel so much better for it dear Scorpio! Make sure you get a good nights rest before the big talk with the Indica Mendo Breath.

Sagittarius:   April is the time for you to work on that to do list Sagittarius and focus on the small details as you do it. This might mean not focusing on big goals at the moment, but no worries you are climbing that ladder by taking care of the little things. Be sure to pick up some of the Indica Purple Punch to help unwind after all that hard work.

Capricorn: This month will push you to embrace your authentic self rather than looking for outward approval or trying to fit in. Let your heart guide you forward Capricorn, and everything will be as it should. Stay relaxed yet connected while you do this by picking up some of the Indica GMO Cookies.

Aquarius:  You have been worrying about something lately Aquarius, but this month will bring you an Ah ha moment just in time! Be sure to find your center so you can receive the light when it comes. Grab the Hybrid Black Cherry Cheesecake to keep your body relaxed and in one place while your mind is free to seek out solutions.

Pisces:  You have a lot of hectic energy this month dear Pisces. It is of the utmost importance that you are intentional with your time and energy, so you aren’t running around in circles repeating the same tasks or spreading yourself too thin. Keep yourself in one spot while you think of your to do list by grabbing the Hybrid Cherry Cookies.

Women in the Industry – Tiffanie Dartez

by Kayla Johnson

People turn to cannabis at different times in their lives for different reasons. Some people have been experimenting with it since they were teenagers and now discover that it offers real help for what they need. Others may have been opposed to it for many years, and when they finally tried it for themselves, realized that they’d been wrong, about the plant and people who use it. For many, cannabis offers a new chance at life in different ways, whether for their health, for their loved one’s health or their career, and opens doors that they may never have even glanced at without it.

Tiffanie Dartez is one Oklahoman who has blown the cannabis-doors wide open to create a new life for herself and her family. A native of Midwest City, she now owns and operates White Rabbit Medicinals, a medical cannabis processing company where she and her business partners create incredible edibles, candies, suckers and infused butter that patients can purchase from a wide range of dispensaries across the state to create their own edibles at home. In addition, she also prepares breakfast on the weekends at Hempton Heights, Oklahoma’s first cannabis-friendly resort, when there’s not a global pandemic happening. (By the way, go wash your hands!)

While Dartez has become a prominent member of the cannabis industry and has been a vocal advocate for patients and industry members alike, like so many of us, her early years were not as pro-cannabis, due to both the familiar push of ‘Say No to Drugs’ and her own family dynamics as a child.

“My dad had his own struggles with addiction when I was growing up, and the memories of him smoking cannabis at times really clouded my judgment for a few years,” she said. “It wasn’t until my own diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) that I realized the medicinal aspect of cannabis.”

Like thousands of patients across the country, her own health needs pushed her to reexamine what she thought she knew about cannabis, and the benefits she discovered completely changed her perception of the plant, and what she thought she needed to do in order to fight for her health.

“I was overmedicating my disease with incredibly harsh medications and procedures that were just causing more health issues. Autoimmune diseases aren’t healed or cured, doctors simply try to tame the symptoms of the disease. After a while, I was taking seven pills a day and a weekly shot, just to feel like I always had the flu. The medication did nothing to slow the progression of the disease, and I was told this was my only treatment option for MS. “

Rather than give in to the illness or fear,  Dartez said that was when she decided to try something new. “Once I found cannabis and decided to create my own treatment plan, my outlook on life changed. I no longer was on a path that clearly had not worked for me or others like me, and I was in charge again. I lost so much of my independence with my diagnosis, but cannabis gave it back to me instantly.”

As many other parents can relate to, she said one of her biggest struggles early on once she began consuming it a decade ago was finding a happy medium, between being honest with her kids, and ensuring that her secret was safe in order to protect her family.

“My two children are adults now, and I’m completely open with them about my cannabis use and my healthcare. When I first started consuming cannabis ten years ago, it was hard to balance telling my kids the truth about cannabis and how it helps me, but also making sure they kept that secret to themselves outside of the family. It was a very confusing time for a while, but once they began to see how cannabis changed who I was as a mom, they were completely supportive.”

Dartez actively advocated for State Question 788, and realized she could help bring together her passion for cannabis with another great love: cooking. “During that time, my goal was to somehow educate people on the benefits of incorporating cannabis into their diets. I was a chef in another life, so when the opportunity came to bring my two passions together, I jumped in.”

Ever since that leap, Dartez has made quite a splash in the state; along with her success with White Rabbit Medicinals, she also hosts a cooking channel, called Mother Rabbit Mondays, to teach patients how to cook with cannabis and offers tips on how to properly medicate or dose their edibles for their needs. While her plate is full, so to speak, her drive to help others keeps her motivated, and said seeing how her product directly helps people makes it all worth it.

“Seeing how our candies and butter make a difference in how people live means a lot to me. I love hearing stories of how our products helped someone sleep, or gave someone pain relief for the first time in years. It’s a huge compliment to us when patients take time out of their day to send us positive feedback. On the days that I struggle myself as a patient, those acts of kindness make it all worth it.”

Known for being an advocate for women in cannabis, Dartez encouraged those who are interested in getting involved in some way to find a way to start getting in contact with women within the industry, including industry meetups like Women + Weed. “It’s a great event to network and speak with other women in all levels on the industry. Just stay focused and get involved.”

Herb•age Magazine – April 2020

Herb•age strives to bring you fresh regularly. We cover a wide range of cannabis culture and medical marijuana-related issues from around the state of Oklahoma and beyond. In other words, It is our mission to be the voice of the growing cannabis industry in the state. Through fair and open discourse we hope to continue the trend of bringing cannabis out of the shadows and into the mainstream where it belongs. So, please join us and help us grow with Oklahoma!

Spotlight – Amy Lee

by Kayla Johnson

A growing majority of people who use cannabis and CBD products are using it to better their health in some way. Whether they battle with their mental health, or their health concerns are physical, many of these people have seen their lives dramatically change for the better in some way once they find a cannabis regimen that works for their needs.

Some beat cancer.

Others regain their lives from seizures or tremors.

Others still find pain relief that helps them become active again, or a side-effect free sleep aid.

For Amy Lee, canna-coach and owner of Boho Oils Co., cannabis was the key to not only rebuilding her life,  but completely transforming it in a real and relatable way. A native of Tulsa born and raised, Lee was raised staunchly against cannabis as so many of us, and during her tenure as Miss Preteen Oklahoma 1998, even visited schools warning against the dangers of drugs. “I was really involved in the D.A.R.E. program, they had me tour different schools around the state, and I would tell all of these kids in high school or in-house suspension  how terrible drugs were, and that marijuana was a gateway drug to all these horrible other things.”

With her upbringing and experience in the D.A.R.E. program, cannabis was something Lee avoided until later on in life, when one of her friends suggested she try it when she was feeling particularly overwhelmed. “One of my friends said ‘hey, I really think you need to try this, your anxiety is really high, you need to chill out.’, and at first, I was so against it! I couldn’t get over how bad I’d always thought it was, or how bad it was to smoke, but when I finally tried it, I realized I actually felt happier,” she said. “I’d self-medicated with alcohol for many years, thinking that was the answer, and all I’d done is bring myself into a worse depression, it gave me weight issues, skin issues, binge eating goes along with being drunk, so there was a lot I didn’t like about drinking. Once I started smoking, I realized how much better it was.”

Her mind changed at least in part about cannabis, Lee became a recreational user, using it regularly until she and her now-former husband began trying to start a family. “We were married in 2006, and I stopped using it in 2009 while I was trying to get pregnant, and it wasn’t until after I had my daughter that I began to really look at it as medicine.” Like so many women, Lee found herself battling postpartum depression, and credits cannabis with helping her get back on her feet. “It really helped me pull myself out of that dark hole, being a new mom, living in a different state, with my marriage falling apart all at the same time. It helped me keep my sanity.”

After her divorce, Lee found herself in a downward spiral. Her health struggles were mounting, she was dealing with weight gain, raising her daughter, and on top of it all, she and her daughter were facing homelessness. “I had no job, no car, and no place to live. I rented a car and drove me and my daughter to Oklahoma City to stay with family, and get back on my feet again.” That determination to ‘make it’ turned into a determination to thrive.

Through working with her doctor, learning about nutrition, and developing a cannabis regimen that addressed her health concerns (she was taking medication for anxiety, hypothyrodism, high blood pressure and more), her perspective became less ‘healthcare’ focused and more in tune with wellness, and what her body actually needed. “I was able to lose 125 pounds, and with the guidance of my doctor, stopped taking ten daily medications.”

It took work, and time, and effort for Lee to lose the weight and gain her health back, but it’s a process that she came to appreciate, and her new lifestyle has kept her focused on whole-self wellness, not just the physical symptoms like before. A key component of that new lifestyle is her daily cannabis regimen, and it’s something that she encourages all patients to pursue, in whatever form that takes for them, in conjunction with other wellness routines (such as fitness, nutrition, etc.)

“Cannabis offers medicinal benefits. If you’re using it for wellness, you really need to be incorporating all elements of wellness, mindfulness, spiritualness, what you’re feeding your body, what you’re feeding your environment…it all kind of goes hand in hand, and that’s why it’s so important to really take care of all of yourself.”

That passion for seeing patients achieve wellness is what encouraged her to dive into Boho Oils Company, and it’s especially meaningful for her to help those in her own home state by offering nutritional and cannabis-regimen coaching that’s one-on-one. “There’s such a need for nutritional guidance and wellness here in Oklahoma, there’s kind of a health epidemic, and I’m happy to be able to help fill that need here.”

Kayla’s Pick – AK-47

by Kayla Johnson

For the most part, strain names give you a clue as to what you can expect from the strain you’re about to try out: Tangie tastes pretty tangerine-y, 9Lb Hammer hits like a nine pound hammer…you get the gist.

Then there are the strains that kind of take you by surprise. This month’s Pick, AK-47, sounds like it would knock you down, right? In high doses, you’re right, but for the average consumer, it’s remarkably balanced for daily use. There’s a reason this strain is one of the most popular around the world, folks.

The result of multiple genetic crosses from four different regions, AK-47 was developed in the early 90s, and for many who have been around the block once or twice, it’s considered a shining star of 90’s cannabis that has continued to flourish today. It’s a high-THC, sativa-dominant strain that helps patients and consumers manage their stress with an uplifting yet focused, energetic high.

If the name doesn’t pique your interest off the bat, surely the appearance of this strain will; it’s common for AK-47 buds to be an incredibly vivid shade of green, with fiery red-orange pistils curling between the sugar leaves. It’s also known for producing a thick, shag-carpet of trichomes, one of the first clues that this strain carries quite a bit of bang for your buck. Most cannabis plants are beautiful, but the vivid colors of this strain really make it stand out as something different than ‘the usual’.

When you open the container, right away the aroma is as much an attention-getter as the appearance. Where other strains smell incredibly fruity or skunky, AK-47 carries an almost-soured aroma that quickly fades into a peppery, earthy-and-floral scent that is as unique as the strain itself. It’s an uplifting, yet soothing scent, and with Limonene, Alpha-pinene and beta-pinene combined with Myrcene, it’s one of those strains you just want to smell, over and over, like the greatest cup of coffee you’ve ever had.

When smoked, be prepared: that aroma only intensifies. The smoke this bud produces is quite pungent, yet somehow manages to be incredibly smooth at the same time. The flavor profile isn’t harsh like the name might suggest, but actually kind of rolls together nicely for a surprisingly upbeat round of medication. To put it directly: it smells and smokes like a good time. For those who prefer vaporizing over combustion, that aroma turns into really incredible flavor; in my Arizer Air II, it was a smooth, flavor-packed experience that didn’t leave me waiting around for the effects.

Once smoked or consumed, AK-47 tends to take people by surprise at first. It’s a sativa-dominant strain with notably high THC levels, and for many, that’s not necessarily a good thing; high THC strains, especially sativa-dominant, can lead to paranoia or anxiety overwhelming any beneficial effects for patients,and if you smoke enough of this, you may find you have to deal with that. However, for most people, hitting a bowl of this instead offers an oddly relaxed-yet-focused effect, one that helps encourage their focus and creativity while reducing stress and anxiety. Because it has such a grounding and still uplifting effect, it can be the perfect strain for many during the day, especially if they’re in need of inspiration or creativity, or if they’ve had a rough day at work. While it’s an energizing strain, many find (myself included) that after a few hours, it fades into a deliciously mellow experience that is just above couch-lock, perfect for unwinding at the end of the day.

For those seeking medical benefits for a multitude of health issues, AK-47 is a powerhouse strain, and shouldn’t be overlooked. With its uplifting and energizing effects, it’s an obvious choice for those who battle things like depression, anxiety, insomnia or stress, but there is a catch: since this is such a high THC strain, the more you consume of it, the more you increase the chance of having to deal with cannabis-induced anxiety or paranoia, so if you’re battling serious anxiety or stress, take it low and slow, and see how this strain can impact you before committing to burning through a whole bowl in one breath.

It’s not just those battling with their mental health or psychological difficulties who should consider adding AK-47 to their medicine cabinet; patients suffering from chronic pain, fatigue, nausea or even lack of appetite can find really, long-lasting relief in this strain, and that long-lasting ability makes it an especially potent weapon for those battling cancer or dealing with other treatments that negatively impact the body.

AK-47 is one of those strains that I’d always heard about, but hadn’t tried for myself, and now I’m kicking myself for waiting so long. I was pleasantly surprised by the ‘something different’ aroma and flavor, and the long-lasting effects were a welcome change from having to light up again relatively soon afterwards. If you haven’t added this to your armory, especially if you’re a creative type who struggles with insomnia, I highly recommend you give it a try.

CRC Processing, what is it and Should we be Smoking it?

by Brittney Graham

I don’t know about you all, but I have been seeing a lot of white lately when it comes to concentrates. I am talking new snow in Alaska white. Looking at the dispensary shelf has me seeing a rainbow of colors from golden honey to pure white snow with the price points going up towards the end of that rainbow. We have all been told at one point or another in this community that the lighter the color of the concentrate the better the medicine which makes us want to drool when we see what looks like purity in a jar.

But I have to be honest, when I saw that white crumble staring back at me from the other side of the glass, I couldn’t help but think that it looked like comet cleaner.  My mind also started to wander to the things we buy that are white that are actually not healthy for us at all such as; white bread, white pasta, white rice, white sugar, and even salt. So, I dug in my heels and started my research on the process it took to make these concentrates so pearly colorless and Color Remediation Column Butane Hash Oil (CRC BHO) Processing is what I found.

Usually, extractors Running Cannabis material use a closed loop or short path extraction system that use pure butane/butane blends or alcohol as the solvent and nothing else. I have spoke about this in detail on the Divine Independence section on the Herbage website if you would like to brush up on the process. Using this method, the color of hash is often dictated by the color of the trichomes you are extracting. For example, when harvesting a heavy Indica strain, the grower wants to see a high percentage of amber trichomes before cutting the plant. When harvested, that plant will produce an amber rich hash due to those trichomes. If the plant is left too long however, impurities can develop such as plant lipids and fats creating a dark gold or even brown product. So, it is safe to say that when speaking of the usual extraction process it is easier to tell if old flower or lower quality plant material was used such as trim.

Now, let’s overview the new CRC method and how It is done compared to the current methods. Using the new method, extractors use a different combination of three things to essentially “fix” the color of otherwise dark hashis:

  • T5 Clay
  • Frying Oil Saver (filter powder)
  • Silica gel 200-400 mesh

Once compacted tightly together in a filtration column the BOH material is run through the column for its final filtration where its able to further extract impurities (and pretty much everything else) out of each run of the material. Basically, BHO is filtered so much in the process that the product color is changed from dark brown/black to a clear, yellowish stabilized oil that can be dabbed or smoked.

So, the real question is, it is safe? “Experts” in the field, which I say lightly since this is a new field, state that is the process is done “properly” there are no cross contaminants that get into the final product. However, if it isn’t done the right way, it has been reported that microscopic silica and other particles could be dangerous and mess up your lungs. Upon smoking CRC processed products, I can tell you it burns both the nose and chest yet has the most delicious smell? Seems odd to me since most of the terpenes are lost during all the run cycles. I also leave you with one more question, if this process removes so much of the cannabis plant, we find beneficial for healing, why are patients being charged more for this product than products that never had solvents in it to begin with?

Patient of the Month – Meka Stewart

Oklahoma cannabis patients, like the rest of the state’s green industry, have gained a reputation for being especially enthusiastic about cannabis. We have over 5% of the state’s population as patients now, people are stepping out of the canna-closet, sharing their use with anyone who cares to see or listen, and in doing so, are not only shaking off decades of stigma and paranoia, but helping to educate the rest of the world about cannabis, and the people who use it.

Meka Stewart is one of those patients who’s taking her passion for the plant and sharing it with the world to show how it impacts and helps real people. Despite her obvious love for cannabis and the people who use it, Stewart’s upbringing was far less warm towards it, something most of us are quite familiar with. “Let’s just say I was a preacher’s kid, both mom and my dad. My upbringing in that household was strictly anti-cannabis, but my extended family was more conflicted.”

Against the strict views of her parents, Stewart credits her curious nature and her families knowledge of cannabis in gaining answers to questions. She said, that the ability to learn something, even when it was taboo for her household, was invaluable. “I am a curious nerd, so I asked family members that I knew consumed cannabis questions as often as I could, and learned from the knowledge they had to give.”

Now an adult, that curiosity hasn’t changed in the slightest, and it’s encouraged her to really dive into the industry and community by being more open and outward about her cannabis use while learning all she can along the way. “I’m still that curious nerd, and my opinion about cannabis has only become more positive,” she said. “I am a HUGE advocate for cannabis education. I don’t know it all, but I’m going to be a sponge and soak it up. I really love learning about cannabis and CBD.”

That passion for learning and sharing also extends to how she and her husband of fourteen years (and counting!) raise their children. “We have four beautiful children, and as parents, we’re very open about my use of medical cannabis. We always teach education first, and as my littles always say, ‘it’s just a plant.’.”

Beyond her passion as an advocate in Oklahoma’s cannabis community, Stewart expressed a deep appreciation of the plant for her own medical needs and said turning to cannabis as medicine has helped her be more open with her use. “I use medical cannabis for my mental health, depression and anxiety. I have hidden this part of my life since becoming an adult, and using cannabis and CBD for my ailments has allowed me to be more open and upfront with my use in public.”

Like so many others in the state, Stewart has taken to social media to help share a real-life cannabis journey and continue to break down old stereotypes through her Instagram page, @cannaeyesqueen.

In Rather than hiding in the garage for a quick smoke or feeling ashamed for picking up flower, Stewart has ripped open the curtains and stepped right out, living her life, as she said, out loud. “I’m just an ordinary girl doing extraordinary things. I’m making my own mark on the cannabis industry, spreading my love for cannabis through education,” she said. “I help other patients by living my journey out loud in real life, and by serving others. I don’t know it all, but I’m hungry and passionate to learn.”

That emphasis on education is one that she suggested patients who are feeling overwhelmed or uncertain pursue. “I know it sounds cliche, but cannabis education really is key.  For those wanting to consume it, I’d just say don’t be fearful. Go to your local dispensary and talk to your budtenders about what they’ve tried, what they suggest, and then go research it online for yourself too,” she said. “As a patient, talk to different people and get different perspectives. Having the freedom to choose is the beauty and uniqueness of this program and each patient. Educate, then medicate.”

For those who have taken the first step in purchasing cannabis or a product to try, but are still feeling the shame and guilt of the past several decades lingering, Stewart has simple advice: “Drop the fear. It’s okay to consume cannabis. Don’t hide it.”

5 Ways Cannabis can Enhance your Workout and Improve your Recovery

Amy Lee

Certified Cannacian and Health Coach

Owner of Boho Oils Co

If the thought of using cannabis to enhance your workout and improve your recovery time has you skeptical hopefully, I can provide a new perspective on improving your wellness.


Every person has an endocannabinoid system, this is an internal pathway that communicates and stimulates transmitters within the body to provide homeostasis. Cannabis products support the endocannabinoid system when there is a deficiency or when a receptor has been interrupted. During a typical workout, the body’s receptors are being interrupted consistently. Muscles are being micro-torn in order to rebuild stronger, lungs are expanding to their capacity, trauma to the body may occur,

  1. Anxiety Relief

For many people, the action of going to a gym to complete a workout is very daunting and has been known to cause a social anxiety reaction. Cannabis consumers who suffer from social anxiety may find anxiety relief in a daily cannabidiol tincture or sublingual. For acute or situational anxiety sufferers, smoking may be the best method of delivery due to the fast-acting effects of inhaling a cannabis product. Relief can be felt within 8-10 seconds of smoking. Choosing a CBD dominant strain may provide similar benefits to its THC counterpart without a head high, euphoric feeling or potential paranoia. This is perfect for anyone who prefers to work out at ease without being medicated with THC.



  1. Energy

If you find yourself lacking in energy and desire to work out, a Sativa dominant or uplifting cannabidiol product may stimulate the endocannabinoid system assisting in energy levels and preparing the mind for a positive experience. I find personally that consuming a 10mg Sativa dominant cannabis product an hour prior to a workout layered by minimal smoking 5 minutes prior to a workout sustains the energy and concentration levels I prefer to conquer a workout.


  1. Bronchial Dilator

Often times it is thought that smoking cannabis is “harsh” on the lungs when in actuality inhaling a cannabis product can provide immediate breathing benefits. This is due to cannabis’ unique vasodilator abilities. This means that cannabis has the ability to open the body’s veins within 8 -10 seconds, therefore opening the passageways throughout the lungs as a bronchial dilator. This is also why your eyes may become bloodshot after consuming cannabis. This is a good sign of blood flow throughout the body.


  1. Topical Relief

Using a full spectrum, cannabidiol rich, or THC rich topical offers a transdermal relief that is beneficial after any workout. Topical relief can assist with inflammation, soreness, pain and soothing tired muscles.


  1. Enhanced Whole Body Recovery

For better whole-body recovery, I recommend using a whole flower cannabidiol product every day to consume prior and after a workout. Consuming whole flower and whole plant products will help you achieve the daily recommended dose of omega fatty acids, protein, magnesium, iron, folate and more. Consuming and layering cannabis treatments has been shown to improve recovery time by decreasing inflammation in joints, muscles, soreness, improved rest, gut health, energy levels, blood pressure, glucose levels and much more.


Before you hit the weights or go for that run, take some time and plan your cannabis regimen for the workout phase and repair.


Visit  www.Bohooils.com

Ask GroMomma

by Kathy Goff

It’s time to plant. The ideal window is NOW for planting seeds directly into the ground outdoors. Of course, you can also grow your seedlings indoors and transplant them outdoors into the ground or in containers after the last frost.

To grow outdoors you need a sunny location with at least 5 hours of direct sunlight and 5 hours of darkness per day for eight to ten weeks. Consider surrounding objects such as buildings and trees and how the angle of the sun changes over the course of the growing season. Ideally, your grow site will get sun all day long throughout the growing season.

Your plants will need to be spaced at least three to five feet apart, so they all get plenty of sun and breeze. Since you will be tending your plants daily, pick a location with easy access. Unless it rains every few days, you’ll need to water your plants regularly.

You may want to have your soil tested at your county extension office. Test results will show pH levels and levels of the key nutrients of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. You can ask for recommendations on the amendments needed to improve your soil quality. The soil doesn’t have to be that good – they are weeds, after all.

Plants grown outdoors receive far more light which helps develop the buds growing at the bottom of the plant as much as those at the top. Although you don’t have the control of an indoor grower, successfully growing marijuana outdoors provides you with a much larger yield.

You can place seeds directly into your soil or medium which will avoid any transplant shock. More often it is easier to germinate in a small pot or solo cup of your chosen medium. Be sure that the pot or solo cup has holes in the bottom for excess water to drain. Once they are established and the threat of frost is gone, you can plant them in the garden or into bigger pots.

There are numerous methods for sprouting seeds. Using the paper towel method, seeds are placed on moistened paper towel on a plate and placed in a warm dark place. Usually covered with plastic or an upturned plate to retain moisture and humidity. After a few days to a week, your seeds will have sprouted.

You can simply soak your seeds in enzyme enriched water until you see the tap root appear then put in your medium. The seedling will quickly strike and break the surface about a week later. You can place your germinated seeds into jiffy pots, peat plugs or rock wool for further growth. Once you see roots poking out, you can put them into their final position without damaging roots. This method is easy to maintain and takes a very small space.

You plant seeds so that the white root faces downward, about a knuckle deep into your growing medium. The top of the seed should be just below the surface. It can take anywhere from a couple of hours to a couple of days before you see the young seedling emerge from the soil or growing medium. If your marijuana seedling hasn’t sprouted from the soil within 10 days after being placed root-down, it probably isn’t going to make it. Even with the best practices and the best seeds, you will occasionally lose a seed. Many times it has nothing to do with you!

When you move seedlings around a lot, it stresses them out and potentially stunts their growth. Too much stress can even kill them. So try to plan from the beginning so that you move your seedlings around as little as possible. Once they get bigger, they are a lot more hardy and can stand a lot more stress and movement.

If you will be transplanting your seedlings again, avoid transplanting until they are well established and have a couple of sets of leaves (nodes). If you plant seedlings in a growing medium in a solo cup or peat pot, you can just cut away the cup or the bottom of the peat pot for easy transplanting.

For fastest growth rates, it’s better to plant young seedlings or clones in a very small container. The reason you want to start with a small container is that your plant’s young roots thrive on oxygen. Cannabis plant roots “breathe” oxygen, just like we breathe air. It’s important that young cannabis roots get plenty of oxygen so the plant can grow as fast as possible.

By planting young seeds in a small container with holes in the bottom, the growing medium will dry out much more quickly, allowing you to water more often. The young cannabis seed will get plenty of oxygen and water. However, young plant roots do not drink much water yet. So if you use a large container, they will use up all of the oxygen quickly and need more before you need to water again.

Growing cannabis is an organic process without strict sets of rules. It is not a linear system to learn, but an art to be mastered. There are a number of equally effective methods for germinating cannabis seeds and all require water, warmth and air. Over time you will find the one that works best for you.

GroMommaby Kathy Goff

It’s time to plant. The ideal window is NOW for planting seeds directly into the ground outdoors. Of course, you can also grow your seedlings indoors and transplant them outdoors into the ground or in containers after the last frost.

To grow outdoors you need a sunny location with at least 5 hours of direct sunlight and 5 hours of darkness per day for eight to ten weeks. Consider surrounding objects such as buildings and trees and how the angle of the sun changes over the course of the growing season. Ideally, your grow site will get sun all day long throughout the growing season.

Your plants will need to be spaced at least three to five feet apart, so they all get plenty of sun and breeze. Since you will be tending your plants daily, pick a location with easy access. Unless it rains every few days, you’ll need to water your plants regularly.

You may want to have your soil tested at your county extension office. Test results will show pH levels and levels of the key nutrients of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. You can ask for recommendations on the amendments needed to improve your soil quality. The soil doesn’t have to be that good – they are weeds, after all.

Plants grown outdoors receive far more light which helps develop the buds growing at the bottom of the plant as much as those at the top. Although you don’t have the control of an indoor grower, successfully growing marijuana outdoors provides you with a much larger yield.

You can place seeds directly into your soil or medium which will avoid any transplant shock. More often it is easier to germinate in a small pot or solo cup of your chosen medium. Be sure that the pot or solo cup has holes in the bottom for excess water to drain. Once they are established and the threat of frost is gone, you can plant them in the garden or into bigger pots.

There are numerous methods for sprouting seeds. Using the paper towel method, seeds are placed on moistened paper towel on a plate and placed in a warm dark place. Usually covered with plastic or an upturned plate to retain moisture and humidity. After a few days to a week, your seeds will have sprouted.

You can simply soak your seeds in enzyme enriched water until you see the tap root appear then put in your medium. The seedling will quickly strike and break the surface about a week later. You can place your germinated seeds into jiffy pots, peat plugs or rock wool for further growth. Once you see roots poking out, you can put them into their final position without damaging roots. This method is easy to maintain and takes a very small space.

You plant seeds so that the white root faces downward, about a knuckle deep into your growing medium. The top of the seed should be just below the surface. It can take anywhere from a couple of hours to a couple of days before you see the young seedling emerge from the soil or growing medium. If your marijuana seedling hasn’t sprouted from the soil within 10 days after being placed root-down, it probably isn’t going to make it. Even with the best practices and the best seeds, you will occasionally lose a seed. Many times it has nothing to do with you!

When you move seedlings around a lot, it stresses them out and potentially stunts their growth. Too much stress can even kill them. So try to plan from the beginning so that you move your seedlings around as little as possible. Once they get bigger, they are a lot more hardy and can stand a lot more stress and movement.

If you will be transplanting your seedlings again, avoid transplanting until they are well established and have a couple of sets of leaves (nodes). If you plant seedlings in a growing medium in a solo cup or peat pot, you can just cut away the cup or the bottom of the peat pot for easy transplanting.

For fastest growth rates, it’s better to plant young seedlings or clones in a very small container. The reason you want to start with a small container is that your plant’s young roots thrive on oxygen. Cannabis plant roots “breathe” oxygen, just like we breathe air. It’s important that young cannabis roots get plenty of oxygen so the plant can grow as fast as possible.

By planting young seeds in a small container with holes in the bottom, the growing medium will dry out much more quickly, allowing you to water more often. The young cannabis seed will get plenty of oxygen and water. However, young plant roots do not drink much water yet. So if you use a large container, they will use up all of the oxygen quickly and need more before you need to water again.

Growing cannabis is an organic process without strict sets of rules. It is not a linear system to learn, but an art to be mastered. There are a number of equally effective methods for germinating cannabis seeds and all require water, warmth and air. Over time you will find the one that works best for you.


by Brittney Graham

Learning about different cannabis products and consumption methods is a very daunting task. There is a maze of information that can easily be found, but deciphering truth from fiction is another issue entirely. Not to mention the personal questions like what consumption method is best for me? No worries, here at Herbage, we thought it would be helpful to have a small list of useful Medical Marijuana terms to help more easily navigate this new green world together. Check out the CannaBasics definition list below before your next trip to your local dispensary and give yourself more direction in the medicine that is right for you.

  • Flower: When we grow a rose bush, we pick the roses for decoration or to give to some one special right? Well, Cannabis plants grow their own flowers for picking and they are most usually referred to as buds.
  • Trichomes: Throughout the Cannabis plant, there are small, sparkling structures called trichomes. These hold the most desirable cannabis compounds such as THC, CBD, etc. You know the flower buds we just discussed? Well, these frosty appendages coat the entire surface of the cannabis plant including those buds!
  • Terpenes: Trichomes house terpenes as well. Terpenes are what give different cannabis strains their unique aromas and physical effects. Fun fact, terpenes are found everywhere like Pinene is what gives off that pinecone smell when you are near a pine tree.
  • Concentrate: Cannabis Concentrates are products made from the cannabis plant that have been processed to keep only the most desirable plant compounds, while removing excess plant material and other impurities. This is a very broad category so let’s break down some popular concentrates I am sure you have run into!
  1. Shatter: Is brittle and glass like in texture. It can also have a snap-and-pull consistency like taffy candy. The color is usually a golden yellow to bright amber.
  2. Budder or Badder: Think of a stick of butter or doughnut batter, the texture is going to be softer and oiler than the former mentioned shatter. They are both easy to handle and have a sun yellow to bright orange coloring. The consistency allows the extract to easily be used as a spread on joints or dabbed on a dab rig (which we will be discussing shortly).
  3. Crumble: This is a brittle version of budder or badder. It has more of a honeycomb like consistency and the color is usually in a matted shade of yellow. It also looks like crumble as the name suggests like the topping of a cobbler.
  4. Sugar: Is the term used for any concentrate that has a similar consistency to wet, sappy, sugar. There really is no uniformity in the classification other than that which means the colors can range from a bright honey yellow to a deep dark amber.
  5. Sauce: As opposed to sugar, sauce is thicker like something you would put on your ribs for the Super Bowl. The color of the sauce can range from a deep amber to a bright mustard. Sauce also has a more prominent crystalline structure, which means you will see little diamonds in the sauce as well.
  • Extracts: Extracts are a specific type of concentrate that uses solvents to draw out the desired substances of the cannabis plant. For example, vanilla extracts are produced by using alcohol as a solvent to pull out Vanillin, from the vanilla bean pods. It is important to note that all extracts are concentrates but not all concentrates are extracts! The difference is all in how the trichomes are collected. Extracts are concentrates created by using solvents, while concentrates can be created without the use of solvents (i.e. a heat press).

  • Dabbing: Consuming cannabis concentrates can be done by vaporizing it using a “dab rig”. This method consists of heating a “nail” (made from either glass, ceramic, or titanium) and then applying the concentrate directly into the hot surface, instantly turning it to vapor for consumption.
  • Vaping: The most common form of vaping is a pre-filled cartridge or “cart” as they are most commonly referred that attached to a battery. The cart contains a heating element that comes inContact with the battery and heats the concentrate when activated. This is most commonly referred to as a vape pen. Most are operated by pressing a button and simply taking a drag from the mouthpiece. It is important to note that some have a buttonless system where you just breath in when ready to medicate!
  • Water Bong: A simple water pipe consisting of a bottle or vertical tube partially filled with water and a smaller offset tube ending in a bowl. Flower is ground down and added to the bowl at the end of the bong. When the bowl is lit you inhale from the mouthpiece and then pull the bowl to finish the hit.
  • Dry Pipe: Any pipe you add flower to smoke with but does not contain water. You know those little pipes you see in the dispensary? Those are it!
  • Cannabis Edible: A food that is infused with cannabinoids (i.e. THC, CBD). Marijuana edibles can be brownies, cookies, pasta, and pretty much anything you love to eat! The edibles can be infused with cannabis butter or oil and can even be purchased in sugar form from your local dispensary.
  • Cannabis Tinctures: Are alcohol-extracted cannabis products. The cannabis liquid tincture contains high levels of THC and other cannabinoids that have been leached out into the alcohol to form a liquid. As with all forms of edibles, it is important to start your dosage small and find what is right for your body. It is important to note that ingesting cannabis is more potent and faster acting than smoking it.


Why would a child need Cannabis?

by Tab Moura

This is a question I have been asked more in my time as a cannabis advocate than any other question combined. Why would a child need cannabis? I admit, this question excites me, because it’s such an open ended question. Why wouldn’t a child need cannabis?

For a moment, let’s think less about their ages and more about their status as mammals. We know that all mammals have Endocannabinoid systems (ECS); it is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter system within their bodies that produces endogenous (internal) cannabinoids, like anandamide and 2-AG. This system is completely safe, and in a healthy body this system low-key maintains itself. You can stimulate the Endocannabinoid receptors with exercise, sex, some foods (including chocolate and breast milk), and perhaps most notably, cannabis.

Research suggests that cannabis is safe for children under careful observation and management. While we know that cannabis is a powerful substance that can influence the brain’s development, we also must consider the impact that alternative options may have on development as well.

I can tell you from personal experience, Cannabis starts to feel less scary when you are watching a child have a seizure that is already having unknown effects on their development. Cannabis feels like a life raft when your home transforms from a meltdown war zone, to an autism safe haven. Cannabis becomes a microphone when your child who was unable to speak, has now graduated from speech therapy.

We have tons of research about the lasting impacts of trauma on children’s brains, but what is trauma? Put simply, trauma is caused by an excessive blend of neurotransmitters in the body, brought on by some kind of stress or injury. Any health condition can cause lasting stress markers in the body, because neurotransmitters run the show; it’s a delicate balance to find homeostasis, which is a lifelong moving target as our health ebbs and flows with time. Adults use cannabis daily to support their ECS and treat health conditions that children around the world alsoexperience. I could go on to things like cancer, scoliosis, eczema, migraines, anxiety and more… there is so much research on what it can help with, we just have to adjust our thinking to make room for children’s health and wellness in this discussion.

Cannabis is a valid therapeutic option, and there are so many specialists ready and willing to help families do so with confidence, and with great success. I fully support a parent’s right to choose, even if their research takes them to traditional medicine. The child’s wellness comes first. As for those of us that have found relief with cannabis, we will never go back.

I look forward to sharing more in this column about my life with and around mini cannabis patients, and I hope it gives our readers some insight into the intricate and beautiful world of pediatric cannabis therapy.

For the Eye & Heart

by James Bridges

While shuffling through papers I dropped my phone onto the carpeted floor at this great little coffee joint in Shawnee.  Just stupidly busy…

As I lifted up my phone I heard someone call my name and take a seat on the sofa next to me.  I remembered at that point to slow down and let the universe do its work.

I had never met this person but he introduced himself in one of the most elegant and proper ways to start a conversation with a stranger which is to NOT talk about oneself.  He politely asked me about my work. 

We should all practice this technique as it is quite pleasant.

“You said something about art.”  Douglas Gordon was clearly at minimum interested in imaginative things. “It’s too bad mine doesn’t really involve cannabis.”

I immediately informed him that it does not matter.  “We are always looking for interesting artists no matter what one chooses to…..”  He then interrupted with, “well, some of it may be a derivative of cannabis from the past.”  We both had a smile.

Come to find out Douglas is a wonderfully talented person when it comes to disrupting blank canvases.  As a matter of fact he is quite remarkable. 

I noticed people in the background seem to gesture and look over at us.  I thought for a minute I was being punked.

“Bee’s wax,” says Douglas.  “Bee’s wax is what is use for the encaustic painting that I like to do.”  Douglas was very, let’s say, in-tune with his craft.

Turns out… Douglas is a bit of a local artist celeb.  I can see why.  The attraction as a person is definitely there.  He seemed to have a gentle yet passionate eye for things. However, it was more than that.  I knew I was communicating with someone special.

In 2016, Douglas and Holly Gordon created a community art space called Studio 112 and a half.   Their mission was to provide a place for emerging and established artists to show and sell their art.

“I enjoy creating and I enjoy helping others which is why in every show I tried to have established artists and an emerging artists or two because it’s difficult to have your work seen in a gallery unless you’ve shown somewhere else.” 

I literally noticed a tear come to his eye.

Fresh off of his “Art Across America” journey where Douglas, according to him, was able to reconnect with his love of art and purpose, he is pumped up and ready to create even more.

“Now I’m retired.  And when I retired I knew I was going to be able to get back into the art scene more heavily. So then, I guess you could say, I fell into a little bit of a grieving process.  For 7 or however many years…. This is you this is who you are… then suddenly….you’re not.  Who are you?”  He laughed.

“So now it’s almost like a rebuilding process for me which is quite enjoyable actually.”  Douglas said he is getting into building his own canvases and things like that to help him with the artistic process.

He then revealed something to me which was quite obvious after hearing.  He told me he was a fan of Warhol.  It made complete sense to me.  He, like Warhol, was not only obsessed with the outcome but also with the entire process.  To surround oneself completely with creativity including the people you consider your tribe.  I could see that in Douglas.

The romance he had bottled up was ready to burst.  It was a pleasure to catch a glimpse.  I hope I will be able to witness at least a few pages of his next chapter.


Vist Douglas’ website for lot’s of great information:

Douglas G Gordon

Artist & Visual Story Teller




So Mush Love

by Brittney Graham

Since the beginning of time early humanity has been interested in mycology, the study of mushroom and fungi. Thanks to their extensive research we know that there are six different types of fungi: edible, ornamental, medicinal, contaminant, venomous, and entheogens. We are going to be focusing on entheogen fungi, which is also referred to more commonly as “Magic Mushrooms”.

These types of mushrooms don’t just create hallucinogenic effects though. Lately, they have been gaining notoriety for helping with the treatment of depression and other medical issues. It has been proven that the two main elements which cause the psychotropic effect when consumed, psilocybin and psilocin, can be (and have been) used as medication to control or modify behavior, affectivity, and states of extreme euphoria.  They also help filter heavy metals from the ground and that is why in some places like Fukushima and Chernobyl, they have planted hallucinogenic mushrooms in order to reduce contamination. 

Psilocybin is the active ingredient in “magic mushrooms,” which have hallucinogenic and psychedelic qualities, and are increasingly used in therapy to treat addiction, trauma, anxiety, and other mental disorders. This is a huge and confusing world of fungi, in which minor biological differences can make for major mental alterations.

For example, even the term “psilocybin” can be slightly misleading, because there are over 100 species of mushrooms outside the genus Psilocybe that have psilocybin as their active ingredient. And in every species and every genus, there are dangerous mushrooms that are poisonous to humans, or should not be taken. This is why we strongly urge education and professional assistance when taking mushrooms for therapeutic purposes.

With that information in hand, lets talk about the most common types of magic mushrooms.

Psilocybe cubensis

This is the most common of psilocybin mushrooms, and what people generally refer to when talking about “shrooms” or “golden caps.” It’s very easy to cultivate and has a widespread natural distribution. It’s known for a dark purple or deep grey color on its gills. The cubensis has .63% psilocybin, which is right in the middle for most mushrooms, explaining its popularity.

Psilocybe tampanensis

The tampanensis is in the “magic truffle” family, which also includes Psilocybe mexicana and Psilocybe atlantis. Unsurprisingly, the tampanensis was originally found in Florida, and only once again in Mississippi. It was cultivated and cloned, but only native to that area. The truffles, which have long stems and short caps, are also called “philosopher stones.”

The tampanensis has a moderate .68% psilocybin component, which is the standard for most magic truffles.

Psilocybe semilanceata

This is an easy-to-spot mushroom, sporting a curvy, almost undulating stem, a cap like a knit winter hat pulled down tight over a head, and a nipple-shaped protrusion on the top. It’s extremely-widely distributed in nature and is one of the most powerful psychedelic mushrooms found.  The semilanceata is extremely potent, with psilocybe percentages between .98% and a full 1%. For this reason, it’s very prized, but also very dangerous for the newcomer. 

Psilocybe baeocystis

With long stems and compact tops, baeocystis is both distinctive and very common. It has a lot of nicknames, including bottle caps, blue bells, lovie caps, and knobby tops. This is more powerful than some other common mushrooms, with a psilocybin rate of .85. For some reason, this mushroom is known to have a very varied effect, and even mushrooms from within the same patch can have very different impacts


I also wanted to make sure we added a few strains for discovery as well, take a look below.

Golden Teachers

One of the most popular and prevalent strains thanks to its intense effect and high yield, is the Golden Teacher strain. It is known for its eye-catching red tinge and is almost impossible to find in an original strain nowadays.

Psilocybe Mexicana

Also know as the beginners choice, Psilocybe Mexicana is a variety widely pointed as the best to take for first timers because of its light yet surprising effects. The effects have been known to enlarge your creativity and original thoughts, your social behavior, and good feelings.

Psilocybe Atlantis

The Psilocybe Atlantis was discovered in Georgia and is also called “fruits of Utopia”. The reason it is called this is because of the beautiful visual effects brought about by these magical mushrooms.

Cooking With Grass – Shepard’s Pie

If you give Punxsutawney Phil’s opinion any weight, springtime is going to arrive before the actual season makes a change. As the temperatures begin to poke their heads above 60 degrees once again, most of us can feel that shift, when we finally throw open the windows, knock out the spring cleaning and yard work, and go enjoy a day outside with friends and family. It’s a refreshing time of year, with everything waking back up and turning green, and for many, it’s also a busy time of year. School is getting ready to wrap up in just a few short months for some, graduations or new jobs for others, and as the days get longer, so do our to-do lists. 


While some people have had their fill of filling casseroles or rich soups over the winter months, the extra chores that often come along with springtime, along with the still-chilly nights, keep these hearty dishes on the menu for many. With Saint Patrick’s Day right around the corner, it felt appropriate to present a cannabis-infused dish with roots in Irish culture: shepherd’s pie.


While the recipe below uses beef, shepherd’s pie traditionally used lamb or mutton, as you would guess from the name, but you can also use ground chicken or turkey if you’d prefer. Both the potatoes on top and the meat filling are infused in this recipe, so if you prefer a lower dosage, feel free to swap out infused butter for plain old salted butter. If you’re pressed for time, or simply don’t want to mess with fresh mashed potatoes, feel free to use instant from a box and prepare as you normally would.


As always, make sure anything you cook with infused butter or oil is properly labeled or secured out of reach of unsuspecting fridge-raiders. 




Mashed potato topping:

1 ½ lbs. Russet potatoes 

¼ C whole milk

¾ tsp. Salt

¼ tsp black pepper

1 egg yolk

4-5 tbsp cannabutter



1 C diced onion

2 large carrots, peeled and finely diced

2 garlic gloves, finely minced

1 ½ lbs ground beef (use chicken, turkey, lamb or protein of choice)

1 tsp salt

½ tsp black pepper

4 tbsp cannabutter

2 tbsp all-purpose flour

1 C chicken broth

2 tsp tomato paste

1 tsp Worcestershire sauce

1 tsp. chopped fresh thyme

2 tsp. chopped fresh rosemary

½ C fresh or frozen peas

½ C fresh or frozen corn

11×7 baking dish





  1. Preheat oven to 400, peel all potatoes and cut them into chunks, about ½ inch in size.
  2. Place the potatoes in a medium pot and cover with cold water, then place pan over high heat and cover with a lid. Bring to boil.
  3. Once boiling, remove the lid and lower the heat to medium or medium-low. Continue to simmer the potatoes for approximately 10-15 minutes more, until they are extremely tender and ready to mash.
  4. Melt your cannabutter in the microwave and allow it to cool considerably before mixing it with the whole milk. (Careful: putting hot liquid into a dairy product can cause it to curdle, so take the extra time and let your butter cool off.)
  5. Drain the potatoes carefully, and return them to the now-empty pot. Use a potato masher if you have one, or a large fork otherwise, and begin to mash the potatoes. About halfway through, add your milk and melted butter, and continue to mash until you have smooth potatoes. Add your egg yolk, salt and pepper,  stir to thoroughly combine, and set aside.



  1. Add cannabutter to large skillet, melt over medium heat on the stove. Once the butter is hot, add in the diced onions carrots. Saute for 4-5 minutes, until they begin to soften. 
  2. Add the minced garlic, and stir, allowing to saute for 2-3  minutes more.
  3. Add your ground beef or other protein, and season with salt and pepper. Cook your ground beef until it’s finely broken down and browned. 
  4. Once the meat is fully cooked, sprinkle on the two tablespoons of flour, allow to cook for 2-3 minutes, then add the chicken broth, tomato paste, Worcestershire sauce, thyme and rosemary. Stir well to combine.
  5. Bring the contents of the skillet to a boil, then reduce the heat to low and cook the filling for 10-12 minutes, until the sauce has thickened considerably. 
  6. Stir in the corn and peas at the end, ensure they’re warmed fully before removing from the heat.
  7. Pour the meat and sauce into your 11×7 baking dish. Top the meat with the mashed potatoes, starting around the edge of the dish and pressing down with a rubber spatula. Making this seal will help ensure it doesn’t bubble over during the cooking process, saving you from a potential headache. (If you want to take an extra preventative step, place your baking dish on a sheet pan.)
  8. Bake in the oven for 25 minutes, or until the potatoes have started to turn golden brown. 
  9. Remove from oven and let cool for at least fifteen minutes before serving.

Women in the Industry – Sabrina Farias

by Kayla Johnson

Part of what makes the cannabis industry and those who work within it unique is the passion that drives just about everyone involved. While there are always those who are out to make a quick buck, a vast majority of people who work with cannabis are there because they believe in cannabis and the change that it can bring with it. Maybe it’s made a positive change in their own life, maybe it’s helped someone they loved, or maybe the dispensary that first opened down the street just helped to make a positive impact on a hard-hit part of the community that others had forgotten.

Most people in the industry have a story of why they first got involved, and Sabrina Farias, lead chemical analyst at Scissortail Laboratories in Oklahoma City, is no different. A born-and-raised native of Stockton California, Farias moved to Oklahoma with her family in the late 2000s when the market in California was struggling severely, and said it was simply in search of a better future.

“In California at the time, the economy was not the best. Everyone was losing their homes, and they were in extreme debt. My father, Carlos, took a leap of faith and moved us to Oklahoma, in hopes of improving the life my brother and I had. It worked!”

Like many who have spent any long period of time in California, Farias was somewhat familiar with cannabis growing up, even more so once her grandmother was diagnosed with breast cancer. Seeing how she benefited from the plant after treatments was a key moment for Farias, because she began to question what she’d heard from friends and family.

“My uncle Jerry, who now runs his own legal cannabis farm in California called Rocky Farm, would have to find my grandmother cannabis in secret, just to help her get through the aftermath of the chemotherapy treatments. I remember being eleven years old at the time, and feeling angry and confused; how could something that helped my grandmother get from one day to the next be illegal, and frowned upon by friends and family? That made no sense to me.”

Witnessing firsthand how cannabis helped her grandmother when she needed it most played a big role in Farias becoming a staunch advocate for cannabis and the medicinal properties it can provide. When it came time to continue her education, Farias turned her attention to science and chemistry, with big goals in mind that ended up changing for the better.

“I have an Associates Degree of Science in Chemistry and Physics from Northern Oklahoma College, and a Bachelors of Science in Chemistry from Oklahoma State University. While I had intended on continuing through graduate school, after a year of it, I decided another four-year adventure at school was not for me, and it turns out that I was right! I’m on a much bigger adventure now.”

It was during her time at college that cannabis first impacted her own life directly, in a big way.  Like so many, Farias found that anxiety was a constant battle once she was in school, and it was especially hard to manage because it was something that had been simply brushed off before.

“Growing up in a Latino family, anxiety did not exist. It was masked as being dramatic, or weak. I honestly had no idea what anxiety really was or if it was even real until I experienced it myself in college. I was terrified, and I had no idea why I couldn’t snap out of this anxious feeling I had.”

While her doctor provided her with a prescription to help alleviate the symptoms, Farias wasn’t convinced the solution was to just take a pill and try to forget about it.

“The most common fix to anxiety is in the form of a pill. I hated the idea of taking pills. I’ve never had to take medication on a daily basis other than the usual daily vitamin. I knew there had to be another way to fix this. Then I found cannabis.”

For Farias, that was the moment that everything really began to change for her, even though she was resistant to it in the beginning due to the old stigmas. That kind of internal battle is something many patients have dealt with on their own, and just like so many others, once she decided to actually give it a true try, she found the key to what she had needed all that time for her anxiety.

“I fought the idea for a while. I knew this was really taboo for most of my family, but cannabis saved me. No more pills, and no more anxiety. It was a miracle given to me by something natural, a plant. Once again, I got angry; how could something that had helped both me and my grandmother be federally illegal?”

Now, the head analyst for Scissortail Labs since July 2019, Farias has found her passion in life, ensuring that Oklahoma cannabis and cannabis products are free from contaminations and toxins, and providing businesses and patients alike with potency and terpene information. Beyond her daily work to keep medicine clean for her fellow patients, another aspect of her position brings serious satisfaction for Farias: creating a new standard for cannabis businesses and employees.

“As a woman in this industry, I do recognize that not only in Oklahoma but across the U.S., there is a visual standard associated with this industry, a stigma: the male grower, the male scientist, the male business owner, and the male influencer. I would love to be part of a new standard.”

That’s something that Farias, along with Scissortail Labs, has already been doing; of the seven employees at Scissortail, six of them are women, and that’s something that the staff takes great pride in.

“We have six intelligent and hardworking women. Six women in STEM, six women making a difference in Oklahoma. The more I get involved and the more I network, the more I realize that there are strong and powerful women all over this state! I believe soon, we will all be a part of a new standard and new realization: that the face of this industry is not just that of a man, but also of a woman. There are many faces to leadership, let ours be one of them.”

The power of networking with other women is something Farias encouraged all women to take advantage of, not only to help themselves succeed but to ensure the success of others as well.

“Networking, holding events and building those important relationships with not only businesses but consumers and patients as well, those are important things to remember. Women tend to research and really look into what they’re consuming. Let us know who you are, and what you stand for. This is a very competitive market, and everyone is trying to make it to the top, but it’s important to remember that nobody climbs the ladder to success alone. Your support system helps keep you stable and motivates you to keep climbing. We are all-powerful women, but we are even more powerful when united together.”

That empowered outlook is one Farias also carries into her opinion on the importance of women succeeding in cannabis; it’s not so much a question of why, but of why not?

“I feel as if we should no longer ask ourselves if we should be a part of this industry, and start asking why we aren’t? We have the opportunity to make a difference in any industry, and we are worthy of those opportunities. Women make up the majority of cannabis sales. We control around 30 trillion in annual spending alone. We’re more than ad models, we have the influencing power to see this industry grow to its fullest potential.”

Safe and Strong

by Sarah Lee Gossett Parrish, Cannabis Lawyer


Dear Herb-Age Readers,

In these days of uncertainty it is important that our industry remains calm, united, and strong. It is my hope that dispensaries will remain open through this harrowing time because they are, in fact, pharmacies. They are such a necessary component of the medical treatment for Oklahoma patients, and any modifications that must be made, such as curbside service, would no doubt be welcomed and appreciated. As a cannabis lawyer, I am concerned for our small businesses out there who will bear much of the economic burden caused by the novel coronavirus. Oklahoma’s medical marijuana businesses are legal and legitimate. Please apply for any and all aid that is made available to small businesses by governmental entities.

For you patients, Oklahoma’s medical marijuana industry stands with you during this difficult season. Dispensaries will remain open as long as any pharmacy is allowed to do so, which should be “always”. The supply chain that includes Oklahoma growers and processors is will operate as long as allowed to do so, which, again, should be “always”.


Speaking of human possibilities, please remember the power of optimism and know that this too shall pass, and when it does, we Oklahomans will emerge stronger, closer, and even more committed to helping others. No industry contributes more to the well-being of others than our healthcare industry—a sector in which you, as medical marijuana businesses and patients, play a vital role.

Stay safe. Stay strong. May God bless and protect us all.

Sarah Lee Gossett Parrish


How to provide for your health in the middle of a pandemic!

by Chip Paul
At this writing Oklahoma has just closed bars and restaurants.  Kansas has just made the decision to close its K-12 school system, I would guess Oklahoma’s not far behind.  Soon we may face a situation where we are all “sheltered in place”.  So what does this mean, health wise?  Do we have the tools to assist us when we do not have the “normal” resources to rely on?  The answers might surprise you!
While it seems beyond belief to some folks (kinda like this Covid virus), you have more power in your spice cabinet than your medicine chest.  At GnuPharma we have been working on something special just for Covid.  You see, herbs and spices are antibiotic, antifungal, anti inflammatory, and ANTIVIRAL.  An antiviral substance means it will help fight viruses.  There are many types of viruses and Covid is a particular type called SARS.  Would we have anything in our powerful spice cabinet that could fight a SARS type virus?  It turns out YES, you probably do!  If you have licorice in your spice cabinet you have a great antiviral medication. 
This study concluded  “The most potent inhibitor of SARS-CV replication in Vero cells was glycyrrhizin, which had a selectivity index of 67.”  Translated that means it worked better than most antiviral pharma meds!
So what about immune boosters?  Would anything in our spice cabinet help there?  If you have garlic, garlic is an excellent immune booster according to this study.
Licorice will also help boost the immune system.  Turmeric is an excellent anti-inflammatory according to this study.
All of the herbs mentioned above will synergize nicely with both CBD’s and THC’s or will work well on their own.  Good luck and stay healthy!

2020 Noble Cup Celebration + Awards Ceremony

OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA — Noble Nectar presents the inaugural 2020 Noble Cup

Celebration + Awards Ceremony, taking place at Bricktown Events Center on Friday, March 20,


Noble Nectar is proud to bring the Noble Cup to Oklahoma City as the first ever

cannabis-inspired event to take place at Bricktown Events Center. With over 120 entries

submitted, the 2020 Noble Cup Celebration + Awards Ceremony will highlight the best of the

best products in the state of Oklahoma with just enough awards for the top three in each

category. This year’s Noble Cup will also feature a live performance by Billboard charted

American rapper and songwriter Dizzy Wright.

Live art, music, cannabis advocating emcees Whitney + McCarter (@sunnny.daze +

@mccartergetshigh), food, drinks, CBD mocktails, snap and share photo booth, and a VIP Med

Card lounge flowing with complimentary product from the event’s partnering brands are just a

few of the sources of entertainment slated for the evening.

“As a concentrates company with skin in the game, it’s important to us that everyone is holding

themselves and their products to the highest caliber and quality our state has to offer. With the

help of local judges, I believe we can create honest, friendly competition and a ‘higher’ bar for

cannabis products in this market to aim for,” says Noble Nectar owner and founder Preston


Doors open Friday, March 20 at 7:00 p.m. GA tickets are $20, and VIP is $35. To purchase

tickets please visit noble420.com and follow @noble.nectar on Instagram for more information.


Noble Nectar is a family owned and operated premier cannabis extraction company located in

Noble, Oklahoma. With products in over 80 dispensaries across the state of Oklahoma, Noble

Nectar’s premier line includes Flawless, VVS, and White Label Processing. Visit noble710.com

for more information.

Get Your Medicine On!

We are very happy to announce our new partnership with the Town of Medicine Park Events.

Medicine Park is one of Oklahoma’s favorite events spaces.

You can check out more information here Medicine Park Events

List of Upcoming Events


March 14-15, 2020

Ending Spring Break featuring a jazzed-up version of Hillbilly bluegrass music presented live on the outdoor stage.


April 3rd, 4th & 5th

Two days of mountain bike rides, races, music, and events featuring the Trails of Medicine Park.


May 22nd, 23rd & 24th

This event will feature live Americana/Roots music over Memorial Day weekend.


July 3rd, 4th & 5th

The Medicine Park Birthday celebration combined with a festival celebrating authentic American Rock music featuring regional and local performers. This year will include a Jeep “show and shine.”


September 3rd, 4th & 5th

Our premier event that features live Blues music throughout town over the Labor Day weekend.


October 9th, 10th & 11th

A two-day celebration of Native American Festival and Art Walk flute music, a juried art show featuring regional and local artists, and a Native Dance competition and the KCA Annual Powwow.


Each Presidential Candidates Stance on Cannabis

Just in time for Super Tuesday, here’s an overview of the presidential candidate’s stances on federal Cannabis legalization.

After all, this green plant holds a very dear place in our hearts and the hearts of over 30 other states. So, before you hit the polls tomorrow make sure you check out our list below!


Republican Candidates

(Incumbent) Donald Trump

The president has made it clear in the past month that he is against legalizing cannabis on a federal level.  The Trump Administration has proposed removing medical marijuana protections in the 2021 fiscal budget. This means that the federal government would again have funding to arrest, fine, or harass state medical marijuana agencies and patients.

“I think what the president is looking at is looking at this from a standpoint of a parent — of a parent of a young person — to make sure that we keep our kids away from drugs,” Mr. Lotter, the director of strategic communications for the Trump 2020 campaign. “They need to be kept illegal. That is the federal policy.”


Bill Weld 

Bill Weld is on the board of directors for the Cannabis investment firm Acreage Holdings, so it is fair to say he has a personal stake in the legalization of Cannabis. Recently, Weld endorsed the STATES Act, calling the bill to end federal prohibition, “his favorite piece of legislation that is on the Hill right now.”

Democratic Candidates

Joe Biden 

Joe Biden’s opposition to the legalization of Marijuana has been made very well known even before his bid for the race. Biden recently gave an interview to the New York Times editorial board where he stated that Cannabis should not be legalized without more studies.

” I think science matters,” he stated. ” I mean one of the reasons I’m running against the guy I’m running against is science matters, not fiction.”




Michael Bloomberg

Mike Bloomberg does not support the federal legalization of Cannabis, in fact, history has shown him to tout quite an anti-marijuana rhetoric. On the topic of Marijuana law reform, he had this to say,

“We have a different kind of problem in America, for example. Last year, in 2017, 72,000 Americans [overdosed] on drugs. In 2018, more people than that are OD-ing on drugs, have OD’d on drugs. And today, incidentally, we are trying to legalize another addictive narcotic, which is perhaps the stupidest thing anybody has ever done.




Tulsi Gabbard

Tulsi Gabbard is very much for Cannabis legalization on a federal level. In a statement made in her  formal campaign launch speech, she made this clear by criticizing a criminal justice system that,

 “puts people in prison for smoking marijuana while allowing corporations like Purdue Pharma, who are responsible for the opioid-related deaths of thousands of people, to walk away scot-free with their coffers full.”




Bernie Sanders 

Bernie Sanders is on the side on Cannabis legalization so much that he has promised legal Marijuana to all 50 states on day 1 of his presidency if he were to be elected.

“We will end the destructive war on drugs,”  Sander said at a rally in Ceder Rapids  “On my first day in office through executive order we will legalize marijuana in every state in this country.”



Elizabeth Warren 

Elizabeth Warren is very much for the legalization of Cannabis. Her campaign website has a lengthy page dedicated to all of her beliefs on why Marijuana needs to be federally legal.  She even states,”

“For four decades, we’ve subscribed to a “War on Drugs” theory of crime, which has criminalized addiction, ripped apart families—and failed to curb drug use. Legalizing marijuana and erasing past convictions won’t fully end the War on Drugs or address its painful legacy, but it’s a needed step in the right direction.”


Women in the Industry – Arcillia Miller

by Kayla Johnson

There are some people who simply embody some of the best things about the cannabis community and industry: passion, empathy, and a drive to see things change for the better for those who need it most. Arcillia Miller is one of those people, and since the passage of State Question 788, she has worked tirelessly to ensure some of the people who need it most have access to legal, natural medicine. 


Miller was born at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, to parents who worked for the military and traveled quite a bit with them.  Her father served in the United States Navy and her family mainly lived on the coast of California near Oxnard until 1994, when her father left the service and Oklahoma officially became home.  


Like so many of us, Miller says she was raised in the remnants of “reefer madness”, “I fell into that era where cannabis was drilled into you as ‘the gateway drug,’ and my first exposure to cannabis as a medicine didn’t come until much later when a good friend was suffering from the effects of chemo.”  With the seed planted in her mind, Miller credits her daughter with helping it grow, “It was my daughter who really educated and inspired me, as I saw the results of how it affected her depression.” Miller knew, at that moment, that her path would take her down the cannabis brick road.  


In 2017, Miller had the opportunity to attend her first cannabis conference. She shared that doubters there helped encourage her to get involved, ”I met a number of vendors who said to me ‘don’t hold your breath, it’s the Bible Belt’, about our state passing any kind of cannabis law.”  That doubt is something most of us had heard more than once while S.Q. 788 was still being campaigned for, and even when it was just a whispered thought. Undeterred, Miller made a point to attend the first cannabis conference held in the state in February 2018, just a few short months before the state would vote on 788, and says that being there fully opened her eyes to the reality, “At that time, I realized there are still so many people who looked at cannabis as a drug instead of as herbal alternative medicine, and that is what finally inspired me to really get involved.”


Despite her motivation to get involved, Miller says that like many, she felt a bit lost at first, “Like the others who had envisioned Oklahoma passing medical marijuana, I wanted to find my niche within the industry, and I really struggled to find my place.”  That all changed, however, when she was asked to become a part of the Oklahoma Women Cann Association, “When they asked me to become a part of that organization, I never imagined the sense of completeness I would feel.”


Now, Miller serves on the Board of Directors for the OWCA, working closely with cannabis business women, patients and doctors, and wearing whatever hat needed to get things done.  In addition to her work on the board, Miller is also heavily involved in the OWCA’s two charity organizations, Sweet Sisters and Little Buds. Both organizations help connect potential patients, either women in need or pediatric patients, with low or no-cost recommendations for their medical cannabis licenses.  Miller conducts a follow-up meeting with them to ensure their needs are truly being met by their cannabis products. Sharing information is a vital part of helping medical cannabis succeed, and Miller’s work makes great strides in ensuring patients are not just legal, but they are also informed. For her, it’s not just the work that makes the day go by easier, “My favorite part of this job is by far meeting all of these amazing Oklahoma women. I have immensely enjoyed traveling around the state and bringing them together.”


Cannabis hasn’t just impacted Miller’s work life, and for her family, it is something that has changed each of their lives in its own way, “Cannabis has become a normal part of our family. My husband, our children, and other family members use it to treat a number of different conditions.”  Miller claims that topical cannabis cream does wonders for her fibromyalgia, as does simply having a choice in the matter, “I appreciate the value of choice, and the importance of chemical-free, alternative medicines.”


Despite her obvious passion for the industry and her empathy for patients, Miller, like many women in the industry across the country, has found obstacles in one way or another:  “As a woman in the cannabis industry, I don’t believe many men take us seriously, nor do they believe we can run a successful business. This is why it is important to have an organization that not only supports women businesses but also offers an outlet to bring them together.  There is strength in numbers, and those voices become louder and have more of an impact.”


When 788 passed by a 57% vote, Miller says her first thought was of those who had been doubting Oklahoma just a year before at that cannabis conference: “My first thought was, ‘how do you like us now?’  That had to be my favorite moment when the law passed, and I just wish I could have seen their faces.” Her thought was one likely echoed by many who were just as pleased to see the naysayers proved wrong, and that doubt turned into motivation for many to get involved. 


Oklahoma overcame that doubt, as have so many women who have jumped into the industry thus far, and Miller encourages others to do the same, after taking a bit of time to do research: “I encourage women who want to get into the cannabis industry to do their homework and look at the vast opportunities in the whole industry. Cannabis has evolved to include many different ancillary components. Look at one of the needs in your local community, get some ideas, and think outside of the box.”  In addition to creative thinking, Miller also stressed the importance of networking with others, “Connect with other women in the industry through one of the many events, meetings or groups, and see how you can market your idea. There are always opportunists looking to take advantage, so if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is, but most women want to see other women succeed.”


Miller believes in the importance of women succeeding in the cannabis industry and that it goes far beyond just keeping it from becoming another ‘boy’s club’ situation, “It is important for women to succeed in this industry because it’s evolving fast, and we can end up forty years behind if we’re not careful. We’ve come so far and made such an impact already, and we can’t lose that now.”


Like all things worth working towards, a career in cannabis isn’t always an easy path, but for Miller, those rough patches are an important aspect of the journey, “The challenges we face help to forge our character and our integrity. The cannabis industry is no exception to that rule.”


Getting to Know Your Cannabinoids – round up

by Brittney Graham

As we come to our final installment of the getting to know your cannabinoid series, I thought it best to group the lesser known cannabinoids together.  Not because they are less important, but because there is less known about them in the scientific community. Please note, the cannabinoids that have been discussed throughout this series is not a complete list.  I say this because research and discovery in this field is ever evolving, and what we don’t know today could be discovered tomorrow! So, without further ado, let’s discover these cannabinoids together, shall we? 

CBDV (Cannabidivarin)

This cannabinoid is similar in structure to CBD (cannabinol) and will not get you high like THC.  It is not very common but traces can still be found in strains. A few studies have found that it helps reduce epileptic seizures and relieves nausea.

CBL (Cannabicyclol)

Cannabicyclol is another non-psychoactive cannabinoid and it has not been fully researched to confirm its non-psychoactive properties.  Most research has been focused on its chemical structure rather than its effects. A few studies also report that medical potential in CBL is not the same as CBD or THC.

CBV (Cannabivarin)

Cannabivarin is another compound in the cannabis plant that is derived from THC, and it does not contain psychoactive properties.  Its potential for medicinal value is still being explored.

CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)

Cannabichromevarin was discovered in 1975 when Japanese researchers isolated it for the first time from the cannabis plant.  Because of its structure, its effects mimic those of CBC. Despite research being small, medical experts speculate that CBCV helps aid in the treatment of depression and can also act as a pain reliever.

CBE (Cannabielsion)

Cannabielsion was discovered by researchers in Ohio in 1983.  It is classified as a metabolite of CBD and trace amounts can be found in most strains. Since only trace amounts have been found, research on cannabielsion has been very few and far between.

CBT (Cannbitroil)

CBT has the same structure as THC, except that it has two additional alcohol groups.  Scientists have yet to determine its medical value or if there is psychoactive properties like THC.  Recent lab tests discovered that CBT relieves intraocular pressure in lab animals. This could eventually become an effective tool for treating glaucoma.  Obviously, more research is needed as with most cannabinoids on this list. 


CBE (Cannabielsoin)

CBE is one of the long lost of cannabinoids.  Its role is not completely understood in the medical community.  CBE is synthesized internally after CBD metabolizes, but its real potential is yet to be discovered. 



Watch out Roses

There’s a New Flower in Town

by Amy Lee 

Each year more than 250 million roses are produced for Valentine’s Day alone.  Putting flowers at the top of the gift-giving list year after year and even though I am a sucker for all things Valentine’s Day, I couldn’t help but wonder, “are roses the type of flower I’d want to receive?”  Perhaps it’s time to switch out the traditional floral arrangements for a more beneficial bouquet. A bouquet comprised of a flower with more “power”, per se. 

The flower I’m discussing has been reviewed through numerous studies and shown to provide an elevated intimate experience. The flower is named cannabis and it’s here to sweep you off your feet.  Most commonly differentiated by its two most popular cannabinoids, CBD and THC. Cannabis Ruderalis is the most common, federally legal plant and plant product. It is widely known as hemp and contains a high CBD to THC ratio. This plant may assist with everyday ailments such as anxiety, depression, thyroid regulation, inflammation, chronic pain as well as assisting with sexual dysfunctions.

Consumers are purchasing these CBD rich supplements as edibles, tinctures, topicals, or cured flowers for immediate support. However, CBD rich intimate and personal care products are taking the market by storm. These personal care products are said to provide the consumer with a more pleasurable intimate experience by stimulating the body’s endocannabinoid system and heightening the consumer’s senses. Many consumers supplement daily with full-spectrum cannabidiol to assist with enhanced mood, libido support, erectile dysfunction, and overall increased sexual health. 

The Cannabis Sativa and Indica plants contain higher THC to CBD ratios and should be monitored closer than a CBD rich product. This is due to the direct effect on the endocannabinoid system and CB1 receptors. THC may cause an intense sense of euphoria if over consumed. I recommend starting a low dose THC rich product through smoking, vaping or applying topically for immediate intimate pleasure. Consuming THC rich edibles require a longer activation period and may affect the outcome or stimulation of the consumer. While these effects vary from person to person studies are encouraging for those looking to spice up their bedroom routine with something new.

According to a 2017 consumer report, approximately  58% of all cannabis users are women. Since 2017, more and more women are turning to cannabis products to improve their overall wellness, sexual health, and pleasure potential. A separate study conducted by the Journal of Sexual Medicine surveyed 133 sexually-active women in regards to their cannabis use prior to a sexual experience, 68% of women surveyed reported a more pleasurable experience while elevated on cannabis and 72% stated an increase in their erotic pleasure on every sexual occurrence while elevated. It was also noted that  62% reported enhanced quality of their orgasms and their libidos in general. While 16% of female users reported using cannabis specifically to reduce pain during intercourse. Overall, daily cannabis users engage in 20% more intercourse than those who choose to not use cannabis products at all. 

This year don’t’ skip the roses, chocolates or cute teddy bear but definitely add some cannabis to your gift and welcome a new flower into the bedroom.





Ask GroMomma – Feb 2020

by Kathy Goff


An essential element of growing is light.  Regardless if grow your cannabis indoors or outdoors, you are going to need a good source of light.  More light means more weed. In nature, plants use the sun. Light is the force which makes photosynthesis possible, converting energy into usable glucose and oxygen. 


Photosynthesis splits hydrogen from oxygen and then combines with oxygen and glucose. Glucose is the fuel of the plant, the basic building block for growing from seed to smoke. Your plants use a lot of light to produce it, and generally, more is better. 


Cannabis plants need more light in a vegetative phase and equal amounts of light and darkness during flowering cycles. Cannabis seeds are typically germinated during the spring when the hours of sunlight in a day begin to increase. A general rule of thumb for planting seeds outdoors is from February 15 to March 15.


When the days are longest, the cannabis plant has the time and energy to develop a strong structure in preparation for heavy, sticky buds. As the shorter days warn of winter, the plants will begin the flowering process so that they can reproduce and pass on their genes. 


Growers can take advantage of the way plants develop in nature. One of these techniques is called forcing.  Forcing is taking a plant that has been experiencing very long days (between 18-24 hours) and suddenly switching the light exposure to 12 hours. By imitating the change from spring to summer, this technique has the effect of causing the cannabis plant to rapidly begin the flowering cycle.


Every cannabis strain will react slightly different to various stimuli. The bottom line is that the light cycle is very important to the end product harvested. When cannabis plants receive the right amounts of light in the right cycles, the plant will thrive. A plant flowers when the ratio of light/dark is equal while they will stop flowering when the periods of darkness are interrupted by light.


There are many options for grow lights. To keep it simple, just get an LED grow light.

LED lights are more expensive, but they last much longer and offer several advantages. They are low voltage, which means less money spent on upkeep and electricity to keep them running. Coupled with this, they produce very little heat, which means you don’t need to worry about overheating your grow room.  It reduces your reliance on ventilation and fans, adding even deeper energy savings. In fact, depending on your operation, you may very well need to heat the room if you are using LED lighting.


Remember that not all LED lights are created equal!  Be sure to check your bulbs and make sure that they are high-wattage and have a high lumen value. The higher these are, the brighter your light will be. You also want to make sure that LED lights you choose have been specifically manufactured to emit light at the full spectrum of color, which your plants need for proper photosynthesis.  

A cheaper alternative to LED lights are high powered fluorescent lights (CFL) that are now specifically produced for indoor gardening.  They are available in 2 types: Blue 6400K that emit the wavelength of light needed for plant/vegetative growth, and Red 2700K that emits the right wavelength of light for flowering growth.  To produce great crops of marijuana, you’ll need both types of lights; more of the ‘blue’ wavelength for the first two months and then more ‘red’ when it comes to the flowering phase. 

Fluorescent light fixtures, particularly those using high-output (HO) T5 bulbs, are cheaper to set up, as reflector, ballast and bulbs are included in a single package.  They don’t require a cooling system because they don’t generate nearly the amount of heat the high intensity discharge (HID) setup does. The main drawback of fluorescent lights is that they are less efficient, generating about 20-30% less light per watt of electricity used, and they last about half as long as LEDs and require much more space.

In the past, most indoor marijuana gardens used high intensity discharge (HID) lamps. HID grow lights were first invented for huge scale use in public arenas and stadiums. These lights are very powerful and have been used by botanists and horticulturalists for years. The two types most commonly used were Metal Halide (MH) which produce an abundance of light in the blue spectrum promoting plant growth and High Pressure Sodium (HPS) lamps which emit an orange/red glow triggering hormones in plants to increase flowering/budding.

The problem with HID lights is that they consume a lot of electricity for output, produce high operating temperatures, produce a wider spectrum of light; much of which is not needed or used by the plants, and require a lot of space. That’s not to say that HID lights, if used properly won’t deliver great results. They most certainly will. But when you figure in the factors of cost and safety, the newly developed fluorescent grow lights as well as LED lights have clear advantages.

Good LEDs are more expensive to buy, but they are generally the most efficient, the most effective and the cheapest to run. If you don’t have the money, CFL lights are the next best choice. They’re the next most efficient to run, in terms of performance, electricity costs and bulb replacements. 

One of the really nice things about indoor growing is that you have full control over the light. You choose how the passage of night and day will occur, so you should be mindful of providing it in ideal proportions so that your plants thrive.


Send your questions to HerbageGroMomma@gmail.com

Solvent-free vs Solvent-less Edibles

by Brittney Graham

Cannabis edibles can be found on the shelf of almost every dispensary that you choose to walk into. However, when it comes to purchasing these goods it can become confusing quickly once one starts to read the labels. Words like Solvent-free and solvent-less seem to rain supreme on that confusion list, at least it did for me. If you are like I was then have no fear, you have found the right place to break down these terms. 

Solvent-free edibles are made by a concentrate and is sometimes referred to as a “distillate”.  This name comes as a reference to the process of refining and distilling the cannabis product to separate the molecules from the contaminates. Extracting the cannabinoids such as THC, CBD, and terpenes are the end goal of the entire process. This is so the cannabinoids extracted can be reinfused into the concentrate being used for the actual edible.

In short, the process is performed the following way: First, the plant material is extracted with a hydrocarbon such as C02 or butane. Second, the product is heated up and vaporized. Finally, the vapor consolidates through a cooling system and separates into beakers. The entire process is repeated multiple times so refine the final distillate. The argument made against solvent-free edibles is the worry that butane or C02 has been added in the first place and needs to be removed.  Very popular and reputable companies such as Smokiez edibles and Korova use this process.

On the other hand, Solvent-less edibles are made through a much more basic and simpler process. Solvent-less itself means the absence of using chemical solvents for extraction. This means absolutely no hydrocarbons! Usually, rosin is made via heat pressing the cannabis plant chosen for extraction and from that point the rosin is infused with whatever cooking oil is being used to make the actual edible.  When heated and pressed, the essential oils are pushed through the trichome head cell walls into an oil, a shatter, or a sap-like consistency depending on the temps of the press. 

The real challenge in the Oklahoma medical marijuana community is finding solvent-less edibles to try out for ourselves. I was able to track down a company, Arcadia Brands, who actually knows and does this process well.  I was fortunate enough to sit down with Chet Tucker to discuss why they decided to go this route for extraction.

Chet Tucker is the Executive Director of Arcadia Brands and the energy I felt as I sat across from him in a small coffee shop discussing his edible brand was nothing short of trustworthy. He is passionate about what he is doing for the patients of Oklahoma and that wasn’t something that could have been easily missed even by the people not listening to our conversation. He shared with me that his father passed away a while ago from an accident caused by seizures that were a symptom of his epilepsy.  At the time, medical marijuana wasn’t legal and unavailable to Oklahoma residents. Taking this tragedy, Chet knew he would work in cannabis one day and the opportunity arose for him to do just that with long time friend and owner of Arcadia Brands, Robert Cuthbertson. Now, Chet is helping the patients of Oklahoma with medical Cannabis products that he would have handed to his own father if he had the opportunity.  

     Not only are their edibles solventless at Arcadia Brands, but there is also the transparency of exactly what plant and strain you are eating in your edible.  Yes, I know you can see if you are eating a hybrid, sativa, or indica with most brands on the shelves, but what actual strain have you been eating?  It may be surprising, but the reason you do not see much of it is that normally solvent-free is a mixture of different plants even if they are in the same class, i.e indica.  

     At the end of the day, both solvent-free and solvent-less edibles can be a great way to medicate!  It is up to the patient and how they feel, once consuming, when it comes to what medicine they choose to takeI caution everyone to pay attention to the labels and to do research on what you are eating so that you can become more aware of what does and does not work for your body.


Patient of the Month – Greg Wilson

by Kayla Johnson

Cannabis has brought new opportunities to thousands of people across the state of Oklahoma. For some, the medicine has been life-changing for their health, giving them the freedom to do their favorite things, or even return to work after being unable to for years. For others, it’s brought new business and a new career for people who had been yearning for a change. For many, it’s been both, and it’s not uncommon for patients to turn their passion for the plant into a new way of life. Greg Wilson is one such person. 

While he was born on the west coast, Wilson claims Oklahoma as home, and has turned his love for cannabis into a thriving set of businesses serving the patients and businesses of Oklahoma. Unlike many in the Bible Belt who grew up solely hearing about the dangers of cannabis, his family was quite divided on their views towards the plant: “I grew up in a conflicted family; on one side, it was that ‘wacky tobacco’, on the other side, it was something that I saw help uptight people relax and be more social,” Wilson said. “Despite that, I’ve always had a great love affair with cannabis. If anything, legalization has just increased my passions for it,” Wilson added.

Wilson has taken the plunge head-first into the cannabis industry with his brand, Mr. Mack’s, and the companies he co-owns, Pot Pop’s and Dank Confections.  He continues to not only be an advocate and mentor for the industry, but he also uses cannabis for his own health needs as well. This keeps him firmly rooted in his perspective of what cannabis patients need: “I suffer from sixteen of the eighteen primary points of fibromyalgia, so I have widespread pain in my limbs and chronic nerve pain. I have a regimen of daytime strains, midday strains, and evening strains to help me get through it. This allows me to have a full-day of  relief and still have a fully functional day.”

That need for different strain varieties played a big role in Wilson’s journey to becoming a cannabis breeder before his days at the helm of Mr. Mack’s.  As a grower and breeder, he traveled quite a bit to grow and breed for others under the name Chilly Mack, until State Question 788 became more than a rumor, and he decided it was time to bring his experience home.

Now, with nearly two years since the vote on 788, Wilson, like so many other patients-turned-industry-member, has become more open with his family about not only his work, but his daily use as well:  “I’m very open with my children. They know about my condition and my usage, and my older kids ask questions. They are amazed at the different medical benefits they hear and read about. With the success of our brand, my family and friends who did not really support or approve of it before, are now major supporters. That feels good, knowing they get to see the fruition of a dream and how it is impacting lives.”

Wilson continues providing his fellow patients with smokeless medicating options and this has kept him busy.  His company is vertically integrated with its own growing and processing facilities, as well as a retail store under the same name.  Keeping the medicine in house, from seed to final product, has allowed him to continue with his passions for breeding strains specific to patient needs, and it has left him with a few favorites that have been developed:  “Of our in-house strains, my favorite is Bloos Kloos, a cross of Blueberry to Northern lights and Larry OG, but I’m also partial to God’s Gift, an indica, and Powder Hound, a sativa.”

In spite of the success of the cannabis industry in the state so far, Wilson is among those who, while they are very much in favor of recreational legalization, are hesitant to get behind it.  Wilson believes that more should be done to protect patients and the industry as a whole from still-overzealous legislators, and a still-staunch opposition, that seems determined to push the industry to destroy itself with high fees or inward fighting about recreation bills:  “I’m a proponent of recreational legalization, but I think we’re still too early to talk about recreational. I would like to see less opposition from legislators, along with a fair playing field where everyone is fully informed. Some of these bills that have been put forward recently, #3061, #1245 and others, are just legislators trying to make it even more difficult to access medical cannabis. Our program is still being treated like a covert drug operation.  We are still being hit with propaganda campaigns and scare tactics when all we have seen is good from the program.”

Despite that lingering opposition in the legislature and beyond, Wilson pointed out that in relatively short order, the world has gone from being wrapped solely in the mindset of Reefer Madness on TV to actual documentaries being filmed that show the benefits of the plant globally.  He says that this shift, happening locally, nationally, and internationally, has inspired him to stay active in the industry. 

Like many of us, one of Wilson’s favorite aspects of having his card is simply the freedom from fear:  “There is not really a fear of law enforcement anymore, and I don’t have to worry about getting locked up for a plant.  I don’t use pain pills or anything like that, so having a natural alternative without fear is amazing, and it has three side effects: hungry, happy and sleepy.”

While cannabis has been a part of his life for years, Wilson has simple advice for those who have only recently considered giving the plant a try for their own health:  “Read, read, and read. Everyone’s physiological makeup is different, and so are the products and strains available. Do your research, start small, and work your way up.”


Kayla’s Pick for February 2020


by Kayla Johnson

One of the most fascinating things about cannabis is that it can vary so wildly through the smell, flavor, and terpenes. It can be incredibly diesel-ish and skunky, or spicy and woodsy, or like today’s pick, sweet as sun-ripened berries. Strawberry Banana, also known as Strawnana, is one of the sweetest-smelling strains I’ve come across so far in Oklahoma, and while the name may make you think of yogurt or delicious smoothies, trust me: you’ll like this better. 


This fruity, indica-dominant hybrid was developed by DNA Genetics with Serious Seeds, and it’s a beautiful cross between two extremely fruity and potent strains: Banana Kush and Bubble Gum. Thanks to these powerful parents, Strawberry Banana is a strain known for its THC levels: consistently, labs have found anywhere from 17% to 23% on average for this strain, but it is not uncommon for plants in the hands of experienced growers to rise above that.  Like many other fruity strains, Strawnana is high in Limonene and Myrcene, but it also has a notable hint of Caryophyllene, which gives this sticky-sweet strain a tiny, peppery kick right where it needs it. This unique terpene profile is a key reason that this indica-dominant bud is not only mellowing, but uplifting, making it a unique choice for patients. 


That uniqueness even extends to this particular strain’s appearance. Unlike many other strains, Strawnana isn’t known for growing massive buds on the plant. Instead, they’re actually on the small to medium side, and what they may lack in being large and fluffy, they more than make up for it by being tightly-packed and quite dense.  It is common for this strain to have leaves with almost a golden-yellow tint to the bright green color, and the almost rosebud-structured flowers are sprinkled with fiery-orange pistils, tucked into the dense leaves. This particular gram of Strawnana that I picked up was grown by Gorilla Gardens out of Stillwater, and I have to say, it’s one of the frostier strains I’ve come across so far.  Remember the bright orange pistils I mentioned? They’re hard to see at times for the heavy layer of frosty, slightly ambered trichomes this bud boasts, and that layer of goodness gives this bud a truly sticky feeling to the touch. Even the scent, heavy with banana and strawberry, feels like it will stick to the inside of your nose, and while there are no complaints about that here, it is important for those who are anxious to keep their consumption on the discreet side and to take care with this sweet-but-pungent strain.


Whether you are a fan of your favorite bong and hempwick or you have turned to the dry-herb-vape world, Strawnana, even with that thick layer of trichomes, offers a surprisingly smooth session. When smoking it, patients may find that it is not as harsh as some of the other potent strains they have tried, making it easier and far more pleasant to hit the bowl more than once if they desire.  For those who choose to vaporize, get ready for a trip to Flavorville. The sweet-but-a-little-spicy flavor is second to none, though if you’re relatively new to using a dry-herb vape (or smoking for that matter), be prepared for quite a bit of kick in your lungs; strawnana doesn’t play around! Just like the scent of the bud itself, the smoke from consuming this strain is extremely pungent and can linger for some time, so keep that in mind as well. 


Strawnana’s powerful effects are like fine art, you just can’t rush it.  It took several minutes, after I smoked it myself, before I really began to feel it and wow, did I feel it!  I had a relaxing head buzz that grew to become an uplifting, yet grounding experience. I felt impossibly relaxed, yet incredibly focused and motivated to do something creative or productive, but I also noticed something else, it did not take much to bring on couch-lock with this strain. Despite the boost to creativity and focus that it offers, Strawnana is still a true indica-dominant strain, and with repeated tokes it will very likely bring that couch-lock and munchie-mood to most people. 


The potent effects offered by Strawnana are one of the reasons it may be an ideal strain for patients in the state who are suffering from any kind of chronic pain, depression or stress. It has that sort of sneaky-sedation that creeps up on you and lasts, and for those who have chronic pain or joint issues, they may find immense relief that does not make them feel fuzzy or ‘out of it’ like many prescription pain relievers. The couch-lock it offers many people after a while can be a wonderful boost for those who struggle with depression or stress to the point that they can never truly unwind, and for those struggling to keep their appetite active, trust me, Strawnana can help. Ask the poor oranges I devoured after a bowl or two. 


All in all, I really enjoyed Strawnana, or Strawberry Banana, far more than I thought I would.  Normally, indicas are not my favorites, I’m bad at relaxing, and I just prefer my sativas all day long. This strain; however, may be one of my new favorites. It is a potent but easy-to-smoke or vape strain that offers clear-headed creativity and focus along with deep relaxation on your own terms.  Patients with pain, stress, or depression who are looking for something to keep them moving, yet relaxed, Strawnana may be a great choice. If you see it in your local dispensary, I highly recommend you give it a try. 

 Growing Marijuana is Therapeutic

by Kathy Goff, EdD

Growing marijuana is proving to be as therapeutic as consuming it. There are a great many therapeutic benefits from nurturing and growing a plant. Gardening stimulates.  It engages all of our senses, not just the sights, sounds and smells around us, but touch too. The textures of soil and plants tell a story.  

People have created and used gardening for therapeutic and educational purposes for years. Growing cannabis creates a healthy routine, relaxation, joy and a sense of accomplishment. Healthy habits give opportunities to experience good feelings throughout the day. Growing cannabis requires careful tending on a regular schedule every day.

Focusing on a single task produces a meditative mindset and requires us to be mindful of something outside of ourselves, which eases stress and anxiety.  Meditation activates the nervous system’s relaxation response. A study at Johns Hopkins found meditation to be as effective as antidepressants in treating anxiety and depression.

Horticulture therapy is based on the understanding that caring for another living thing and watching it flourish gives a sense of purpose and empowerment. Horticulture therapy dates back to Socrates. In the 18th century, it was scientifically documented to have a positive effect on individuals with mental health challenges.  

A fundamental element of horticultural therapy is the belief that contact with plants meets a basic human psychological need. Horticulture therapy can help people recovering from long-term illness or mental challenges. Caring for a plant is a role reversal that boosts confidence and gives a renewed sense of purpose.  

Gardening is a form of self-expression. It involves personal initiative, personal effectiveness and opportunities for accomplishment. Growing cannabis requires diligence, persistence and personal responsibility.  It reminds us that change and renewal are possible.

Watching a plant grow and thrive is a transformative experience that warms the heart and boosts self-esteem. Looking after plants gives us a way to gain a sense of control and responsibility. It helps us relax and let go. Gardening allows us to tap into the carefree part of ourselves with no deadlines or demands to worry about.

Growing cannabis requires independent learning. Self-education is a core component of home growing. Every plant is different and everyone has an opinion on how to best grow your plants. This requires our problem-solving skills and provides the mental stimulation that feeds our brains.  Learning is a good way to keep mindfully occupied while dealing with the effects of trauma or illness.  

Growing brings gratification, rewards and improved quality of life. Gardening gives us a way to look forward instead of backwards.  It requires hope that our efforts will result in something of value. Not only do we get the benefits and therapy from gardening, we also get the benefits of growing our own medicine and the peace of mind that comes with it.  Grow it for medicine, for fun or just to see if you can, either way, growing cannabis is beneficial on so many levels.


Great Times at The First Cowboy Cup!

by Brittney Graham

The Cowboy Cup was held at the beginning of December in Stillwater and it was a great community gathering.  Daniel Lewis, the organizer behind this epic event, did a great job creating a sense of family, education, fun, and excitement. Tumbleweed Dance Hall is off the beaten path but is an adventure waiting to happen and the perfect place to hold the first Oklahoma grown Cannabis Cup.

When I first arrived on Saturday afternoon, it was very easy to find parking and very easy to find the entrance. The greeters waiting to give out wristbands and scan tickets had the biggest smile on their faces and gave out the warmest energy.  Swag bags promised to VIP only the night before were in such abundance they decided to give them to everyone that made it out on Saturday; which I think really shows the Okie kindness spirit. It is fair to note that the swag bag left a lot to be imagined, but it is also important to note that this is the first year of this event; which means there is so much room to grow!

Once I made it into the main hall, I noticed how there were heaters everywhere keeping the cold outside, where it belonged. Glass blowers and artists lined the walls auctioning off pieces for the night, with the highest bids going to a local chosen charity.  Just beyond that room was a magical land of food trucks: fried turkey legs, big burgers, and alligator on a stick were just a few of the cuisines offered.

Past the food trucks, which I will admit took me a while, were the two big vendor tents. The main tent had the arcadia smoke lounge with a stage inside, and it was heated which made it for a cozy inviting environment. There were little water bins available everywhere and everyone seemed to be in high vibing positive spirits.  Both tents allowed open medicating and some booths, such as Everything’s Okay, even offered a sample of their concentrates. 

Robot Pharmer, Kings Coast, Vice, Stillwater Dispensary, Outpost33, and of course Herbage were but a handful of vendors ready and willing to talk about their brands. Both days also boasted a grass blower smoke sesh located right outside the tent area next to yet another sound stage (that makes a total of 3).  If you haven’t had the opportunity to partake in such an activity, I highly suggest that you do.  Seeing everyone in a group smiling, laughing, talking,  and puffing like a magic dragon had to be a highlight of the weekend.

Another highlight of the weekend was of course the award ceremony. In case you missed it, I seriously recommend marking your calendars the moment there is a date for the next Cowboy Cup.  Here are the winners in each category! 



 – Purple Tangie – Gelato

1st Place – Oklahoma Premier Reserve – Gas Breath
2nd Place – AC Genetics – Crazy Glue
3rd Place – Boss Lady Farms – Gorilla Glue #4
4th Place – Tulsa Tops – L.S.D
5th Place – Holistic Heights – Animal Cough

1st Place – Purple Tangie – Gelato
2nd Place – Stability Cannabis – Platinum GG
3rd Place – New Leaf Medicinals – Slurricane #4
4th Place – Green Love Tulsa – Wedding Mints #4
5th Place – JJs Organic Gardens – Hash Head

1st Place – 420 Cannabis Kings – Harlequinn
2nd Place – Ganulv Gardens – Z7 / Remadey

1st Place – Pharmhouse – Starmalade
2nd Place – KOLA Organics – Krown Kola

1st Place – 918 OG in collaboration w/Green Love Tulsa – Wedding Mints
2nd Place – Herban Envy – Tropicana Cookies

1st Place – 918 OG – Morning Wood 
2nd Place – Hilltop Gardens – GG #5
3rd Place – Herban Envy- Tangie x Tropicana
4th Place – Kiamichi Skies – Mac and Cheese
5th Place – 918 OG – Wedding Mints

1st Place – Fuel Farms – Tree of Souls 3
2nd Place – Desert Extracts – Slow Burn Cotton Candy Kush
3rd Place – New Leaf Medicinals – GMO x Sunset Cookies
4th Place – Everythings Ok – Blue Cookies

1st Place – Helix Extract – Grandaddy Purple
2nd Place – Helix Extract – Delta 9
3rd Place – Helix Extract – Berry White

1st Place – Everythings OK – Mimosa
2nd Place – Twisty Seeds – Palm Beach Sour
3rd Place – Helix Extract – Watermelon OG
4th Place – Helix Extract – Bubblegum OG
5th Place – Kiamichi Skies – Mac and Cheese

1st Place – Oklahoma Medicine – Topical Pain Salve
2nd Place – Ok Desert Extracts – Slow Burn Cotton Candy Kush Live Resin

1st Place – Oklahoma Premier Reserve – Dope Rope
2nd Place – Easy Street – Gummies
3rd Place – Ruby Maes – Black Cherry Sour Gummies
4th Place – Kiamichi Skies – Breathmints Mac and Cheese
5th Place – Arcadia Brand – Gummie Zkittles

Baked Goods
1st Place – Pharmers Daughter Edibles – Medicated Cake Cup
2nd Place – Oklahoma Medicine – German Chocolate Bon Bon
3rd Place – PCD Inc. – Layer Cake Brownie
4th Place – Bee Elevated – Cake Bombs Hybrid

1st Place – Ruby Maes – Peanut Butter Chocolate
2nd Place – PCD Inc – BBQ Sauce
3rd Place – Oklahoma Medicine – Peanut Butter Cup
4th Place – D&G Dankery – Puppy Chow
5th Place – Bee Elevated – Honey Shots/Sour D


Ask GroMomma – January 2020

by Kathy  Goff

This month we will continue to focus on indoor growing. Before starting your cannabis grow, you must decide what kind of an indoor growing system you want to use. Will you grow your plants in water, soil or a combo?  

One type of hydroponic growing is growing a plant’s roots in a tub of water. Roots grown in water do not need to expend energy to search for the nutrients the plant needs; nutrients are easily accessible by the roots. Since the plant is spending less energy finding what it needs to grow, it channels that energy to plant growth.

A bubbler bucket reservoir is a simple system that suspends the plant’s roots in a highly oxygenated nutrient solution. Plants have an unlimited supply of oxygen because of the air-stone in the tub/reservoir. The roots are submerged in the oxygenated nutrient-water solution in the bucket which is replenished regularly.

The most important growing tip is to check your cannabis plants daily.  As with many processes, it is easiest to fix a problem in the beginning stages! If something is wrong with your plant in a hydroponic system, your first step is to change out the reservoir. It is common for root rot to occur when roots are consistently in water and poorly oxygenated. It is imperative to establish a preventative routine of changing out the reservoir every seven days. 

Keeping air and water temperatures under control are also very important. Air temperature should be 75-85°F when the lights are on, and will drop by 10 degrees when the lights are off. Water temperature should remain at a constant temperature at all times. 

Too many plants in one reservoir can lead to problems, such as white powdery mildew. Don’t cramp your plants, instead, grow one plant per reservoir.  This will allow the roots to spread out and give the leaves and buds more space to grow.

CoCo Coir is another great growing method, especially for beginners. It provides the ease of soil gardening, with the rapid growth of hydroponics, by using fibrous coconut husks instead of a potting mix. Compared to soil growing, the lighter texture of CoCo Coir absorbs moisture much easier, and allows plants to take up more nutrients and retain oxygen more efficiently. It also dries out more quickly than soil, so be aware.

Good quality coco coir is important for successful root development. It is recommended that beginner growers use a three-to-one coco to perlite mixture because it requires less frequent watering.  Perlite is a mined mineral that creates small spaces of air in the coco coir to prevent overwatering. It also provides more oxygen to the roots. Cannabis roots love oxygen and perlite lets them get it while the coco coir makes sure the roots always stay wet.

Finally, growing cannabis in soil is a system that requires any kind of good quality potting soil. It is also best to avoid any soil with artificial extended release fertilizer or other chemicals. I use Fox Farm Ocean Forest potting soil. It contains lots of nutrients, so you won’t need to add any additional nutrients for the first couple of weeks. If you keep re-potting the cannabis plant, you may never have to add any nutrients.

When it comes to selecting pots to grow cannabis, I recommend the fabric variety with handles. They are a great option for growing cannabis. If you want to use pots that you already have on hand, that works fine, too. Just be sure your pots have some holes in the bottom for drainage. If you use a regular bucket, for example, make sure to drill a few holes in the bottom.

The size of pot used to grow cannabis is determined by the stage of growth.  You will want a small pot (1 gallon or less) for seedlings, but you can also use a plastic solo cup.  When the seedlings have grown and are ready, transplant the plants into larger bags/pots. The larger the pot/bag, the larger the plant. An easy way to tell that they are ready for a bigger pot is when the roots start coming out of the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. 

I think these three growing methods are the simplest and easiest to use when beginning to grow cannabis.  Of course, it’s a personal decision with no clear cut path to success. It is pretty much a trial and error process until you learn a method that works for you.  There is no shortage of advice from the Internet or you can consult your local grow supply store. Remember, cannabis is a positive energy force and growing it with joy will increase its yield. Send your questions to HerbageGroMomma@gmail.com 


Brandon Rust

Chasing the Call of Cannabis, No Matter Where it Takes You

by Brittney Graham 

Brandon Rust, owner of Majestic Craft Cannabis and Bokashi Earth Works, has a life that sounds like it was written by Hollywood.  I am so excited that I had the opportunity to speak with him about his experience with Cannabis and the lessons it has taught him in his life.  I am sure you will see, as I have, that this California transplant has a lot to offer our local community. 

Back in early 2000, Brandon was working in landscaping with a few of his fathers friends. Once he had been working for them a while, they decided that he could be trusted and took him on one wild ride! One day after work he was blind folded, put in the back of a van, and taken to the place that would change his life forever, a cannabis cultivation. Once he worked his way up in cultivation, he was able to split off and try it with his own hands. 

Around 2003 Brandon and his grow partner were growing in Southern California working with the infamous Afghan Bull Rider strain. This went pretty well for some time until around 2006, when he was betrayed by someone close to him. His fiancé, at the time, was having an affair with a police officer. This not only equaled heartbreak for Brandon but also prison time, 16 months to be exact. He didn’t let this detour him away from his passion for Cannabis; however, it only strengthened it. This wasn’t the only prison term that he received from his passion. 

In 2017 Brandon started another 18-month prison term, this time for making BHO or dabs to be frank. He started making a lot of concentrates and after about a year, he moved to another area which proved to be more drama for him. The landlord was the property owners son, and that son had gotten into it with a tenant in a trailer on the property; which resulted in the police showing up to Brandon’s door with questions. The police left and a couple of hours later he and his girlfriend were detained. 

When he was released from his second term, Brandon landed on his feet.  He got himself a couple of jobs and as soon as he was legally able to cultivate again, he took the opportunity. Being able to pursue his passion again seemed to make the steps it took to get there all worth it. So, let’s talk about his cultivation, shall we?

Brandon grew hydro for about 9 years and then switched to a soil medium. He did this switch because there are multiple points of failure with hydro, such as AC fails or pump malfunctions. “There are so many moving parts one failure and it all goes down,” he explained.  For example, he killed more than half of his crop at one point in his hydro grow, and that was the straw that broke the camel’s back. He then effectively switched up his grow medium to soil with fertigation salts. 

“Soil is a little more forgiving, like if the AC fails as long as the medium stays moist you should be good,” Brandon further explained.  He used different mixes: fox farm, 707, etc. and the last nutrient line was house and garden with soil. He was adamant that he was always diligent with reading labels and realized that most of the products were trying to mimic what organic or mother nature does. The cost was also starting to stack up, so he decided to look into natural alternatives.

 A lot of the products Brandon purchased were being made from organic sources that were extremely cheap. Why pay thousands a month on nutrients if there is a more cost-effective method?  So, what does he do?  He switched everything out one day and in the end, he is so happy that he did; however, it is important to note that the first time was not very successful.

It was at this point Brandon realized fast, that he was going to have to reeducate himself completely, because the methods and the way he understood how plants absorbed nutrients were so basic.  He learned how it cycled, how to make things more bio available, and how adding more microbes at certain times has an apogeic effect on plant morphology.  He was so excited when talking about this especially, that he exclaimed,You can affect the potential of the plant … you can get certain nutrients from the soil into the plant with help from solutions!”

At this point, Brandon bought botany books, learned about Korean natural farming and bokashi, and not to focus on the plant but the health of the soil. He now takes a holistic approach to the soil because it is living energy, and making everything available to the soil.  He even wants to use what he has learned to help Oklahoma Farmers in the form of Green Recycling.  It would involve the process of taking nongrowable soil and healing it so it can be used for fresh crops again. Since he has found himself here, he wants to give back to the Cannabis community as well as the local community of Oklahoma.  I couldn’t help but feel his adopted Okie Spirit!


Getting to Know Your Cannabinoids CBDA 


by Brittney Graham 

As we continue on with our Cannabinoid spotlight series, I think it is the perfect time to introduce CBDA, also known as Cannabidiolic Acid. You might better know this compound as CBD (cannabidiol) since that is what it turns into over time and when exposed to heat.  Along that train of thought, CBDA is abundant in the live plants of CBD varieties. 

CBGA (cannabigerolic acid) also known as the mothership cannabinoid, was covered in our first spotlight of the series. This is where we learned that it converts into three major cannabinoid precursor compounds, depending on which plant enzymes are activated to direct synthesis.  One of these such precursors is in fact, none other than CBDA. You can typically find CBDA in capsules, tinctures, topicals, and raw cannabis juices, but what makes this compound so beneficial?

While we have learned that most cannabinoids bind directly with either the CB1 or CB2 receptors, CBDA doesn’t really work that way.  Instead, it interacts with the endocannabinoid system by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme. Before you go cross eyed with all the science lingo like I did, let me break this down. COX-2 enzymes are associated with inflammation after injury or infection, so by blocking these enzymes, CBDA can relieve inflammation associated with pain!  So, the next time you are feeling a little sore after a work out or injury, grab some CBDA and thank me later!

In a recent rodent study, scientists have demonstrated that CBDA can affect the body’s serotonin receptors, hinting at the potential use for CBDA as a medication for chemotherapy patients. This is due to the nausea induced by the chemotherapy itself; however, this study is in the very beginning stages and can’t be officially noted as beneficial in this area yet.


Bud Scott

A Personal Profile

by Kayla Johnson


The cannabis industry, whether medical or recreational, promotes itself as a fairly united front, and for the most part, it is; we’re all Team Green here, right? As tightly knit as the industry and community can be, it’s not uncommon for patients, businesses, and even advocates to butt heads in one way or another over different issues involving cannabis. The majority of people who make up the cannabis community and industry are all, in their own way and with their own opinions, passionate about cannabis and protecting the rights of patients.  There is a lot at stake for everyone involved. Like any family, however, people don’t always agree with how things should be handled, and unfortunately, it can even become downright unpleasant at times. If you have had an opinion or view on any of the laws or regulations in the last year and a half, especially if it has been shared on social media or any other outlet, I’ll venture a guess that you have probably experienced similar disagreements. Controversy is something easily acquired these days, even in the cannabis world, and once it is attached to your name, for good or ill, it can be hard to shake free from. 


Bud Scott, the executive director at the Oklahoma Cannabis Industry Association (OCIA) and attorney at Oklahoma Progress, PLLC., has some experience with controversial issues related to cannabis.  A graduate of Oklahoma University and University of Kansas Law School, he cut his cannabis teeth in Amsterdam’s industry while traveling abroad. Scott found himself swimming in controversy and notoriety during the efforts to pass House Bill 2612, better known by most as the Unity Bill. Some patients and businesses believed the bill imposed too many regulations on a still fledgling industry and they disliked the call for a special legislative session. At the same time, others pushed the concept that Scott, a native of Enid who graduated from Tulsa High School, was a corporate lobbyist from out-of-state who was vehemently against the patients and their rights.


Scott founded the OCIA under the name, New Health Solutions, Inc., in order to bring businesses together to help fund and manage the “Vote Yes on StateQuestion (SQ) 788” campaign in 2017.  He first became involved in regulatory efforts shortly before the vote in June 2018; working to help SQ788 hit the ground running:


“I was working at the legislature for almost the entire legislative session, basically since February of that year, and we had a gargantuan task. We were trying to take what we saw as the best features of regulatory programs of other states, and creating a bill that included things like ‘seed to sale’, and things that we knew were going to happen,” Scott said.  “There was no way the legislation was not going to have things like seed to sale, inventory tracking, or testing; which are all components that any regulatory program is going to have. We tried to get them in place with the idea that once the state question passed, boom, we’d have a program in place.”

Despite the amount of work that was poured into the four hundred plus pages, the senate leadership never worked to advance this bit of legislation; yet the need for regulation was clear early on. It came down to a call for a special legislative session, including a thirty minute press conference from Scott and New Health Solutions, INC. in July of 2018.  They sparked the movement needed to keep new businesses and cardholders legally in the green. 

There was concern regarding just how these then-unknown regulations would be enforced when finally put in place: 


“People had no guidance, businesses and patients alike, and had no idea what was going to be expected of them and for such as things like building code compliance. They were not prepared for what was guaranteed to be coming down the pipe,” Scott said. “Since there was our proposal, and another group had popped up with their own proposal to offer, the legislature told us to put together a unified position.  I hosted representatives from those different groups at our offices. Together, we basically just amended the legislative proposal that I had previously drafted. We took some of the stuff we liked, some of the stuff we didn’t, and pulled it into a more cohesive proposal that became known as the Unity Bill.”


Though he recognizes the success of coming together as a community and industry to push regulations to the legislature, Scott admits that the bill was not as it could have been:


“It was a comprehensive proposal originally, that tied in all these different facets, and when you start taking things out, you begin to really lose that framework that helps certain aspects of it be successful,” he said.  “There were some good things in there, some necessary things, but then there were some changes that were made. Obviously, there’s always going to be compromises that have to be made at the legislature to even get it through, but we were able to push 2612 through.”


Even with that success, however, came the backlash, and for Scott, it seemed to stem from one key moment:


“When we called for that special legislative session, there were many reasons why we did that. We knew what state agencies wanted to do, and we knew what areas they wanted to address, to improve or attack, within the program. We decided to try and just get to the heart of the matter and to really protect this program.  That is when we decided to host that press conference,” he said. “We knew from interagency memos that law enforcement was pushing really hard to get rid of home grow. They didn’t like the lack of regulation on the personal grow component, and we knew it was going to be an issue. One thing I said during that press conference was ‘possible registration of home grows’”. 


It was that phrase, he believes, that brought down a wave of outrage, anger, and outright aggression.:

“I’ve got a pretty thick skin.  It just comes with the industry I’m in, but I’ll tell you, that whole experience was one of the worst experiences I have ever had,” Scott said. “People were outright lying about who I am, who I represent, and what I do for a living. It was stuff that a simple Google search could clear up.  Others can whitewash, but it was a directed assault and it was a direct attempt to tear me down and discredit me.”


For Scott, who now also serves on the Medical Marijuana Authority Food Safety Standards Board, the frustration ran deep and in the heat of the moment. Less than a year earlier, he had been working to help manage and fund the SQ788 campaign, and almost immediately after that press conference, his character and business practices were picked apart by some:


“People were spewing these false facts about how I was completely against the patients, and only looking to pad my own pockets with corporate interests,” he said. “I am not a rich man and I have basically spent my entire career working on public interest campaigns. I am just a basic lawyer from my own small practice. You don’t get rich representing local farmers.  It is a labor of love for sure. The worst part of this was to have my career and my character completely impugned with falsehoods when the truth, about who I am and what I do, is easily accessible.”


For Scott, the wave of disdain he was forced to ride out underlines a deeper issue; one reflected both within the cannabis industry, and society as a whole:


“It is not just unique to the cannabis world. Obviously it is pretty endemic in our culture right now.  People just jump to conclusions and are really pretty vile to each other, and with no regards to the truth, or how it actually impacts other people. It is just shocking,” Scott said. “While it is not unique to our community, I do think it is becoming pretty bad within this industry. One example: if there is a legislature that doesn’t agree with something, they are villainized, and memes are made out of them. They are out to get everybody.  I wish that component of this would disappear, because it is extremely problematic.”


Anyone who has been involved in any kind of argument or disagreement, and has been dragged through the virtual mud of social media for any reason, can relate to the frustration Scott says he felt, but there was a key component that made it especially upsetting:


“It is disappointing because this sludge of drama really did impact our momentum with the medical industry, …there are still people out there who persist in putting out this same kind of misinformation about me,” he said. “It is distracting, and it has happened again with the new State Question 806. My name is being attached to things that I have absolutely nothing to do with..”


In fact, Scott says he met with the people behind the bill to discuss the possibility of him joining the campaign.  He also shared his concerns about the bill directly with them. “I gave them a lot of ideas and my main concern was the fact that I didn’t think the bill would be successful.  Consider how much work we have to do with the legislature and the agencies, it would be a distraction.” In spite of his own personal support of adult use legalization, sharing his concerns and input about the bill was the end of his involvement with the bill; which has been filed, withdrawn, and refiled in relatively short order. Even with his lack of involvement, Scott’s name is still being attached to the project as misinformation continues to circulate. 


Though he has faced down his fair share of controversy by now, Scott says his passion for the plant and the people behind it remains the same. “I’m a patient myself, I’ve always enjoyed cannabis, but now with the back issues I have, I like my tinctures just as much as smoking. I wouldn’t have run the campaign or be so dedicated to this industry if it weren’t for my beliefs, and witnessing for myself, the medical benefits.” Like many other “regular” patients, he’s been open with his family about his use.  Luckily, many members of his family are patients as well, and his teenage daughter has been able to understand how much it helps him. “She’s 15, and we’ve been able to have some really mature conversations about how it is medicine, and how it helps people.”


In spite of the incredibly negative backlash he faced within the cannabis industry and community, Scott said the experience has not been entirely anger-based or negative. “There are those components that are trying to drag everyone down into the muck.  There are also a lot of professionals in this industry, a lot of people who are rational, and business-focused, who understand what we were trying to accomplish and appreciate us for it and that is what I choose to focus on.”

Sage Farms

by Brittney Graham

Growing cannabis is new for the state of Oklahoma, growing other crops on the other hand, not so much.  Ben Neal founded Sage Farms back in 2014 as a produce farm.  After seeing the potential of aeroponic growing and how he could contribute to his community, he designed and manufactured a commercial growing system in 26,000 sq ft of greenhouse space.  After the passing of SQ788 in 2018, Sage Farms added medical cannabis to their crop list.

I had the opportunity to chat with Ben about his farm and I could hear the knowledge and excitement of it all through the phone. Not to mention the compassion he has for the community and the love he has for all plants.  The cannabis grow itself started out hydroponic as that is how the produce had been grown before it. However, living soil is their medium of choice for 80% of the medical cannabis plants at Sage Farms now and 20% of the cannabis is in a Dutch pot hydro medium, as their motto is all about staying organic.  And honestly, who wants to argue with that? Not me.

I, of course, had to take this opportunity to ask what kind of strains happen to be growing in a space that holds great potential.  Ben had a chuckle at this since they are currently growing around 20 different strains.  Some of those include OG Kush, Blueberry, and Mamba Negra however another percentage of those are ones that Sage Farms breeds themselves.  Every grower loves a good Pheno hunt and I know I am not just speaking for myself when I say we are excited to see what strains come from this farm!

When it comes to growing cannabis as opposed to produce, there are similarities and differences all in the same.  When I asked Ben about this, he handed down this bit of grower’s knowledge; “You’re always fighting little battles. It is similar, but cannabis has an extra splash of complexities.  When it comes to the bud- it can trap moisture, you can get bugs in there, and sometimes there isn’t a whole lot of coming back from it.”  With that being said, anticipated and unanticipated grow challenges have been just that- challenges.   Sustaining the plant using living soil is one way to approach such hurdles. 

Sage Farms itself is splitting into two brands, essentially.  One is the farm itself and will focus on growing the cannabis plant.  The other brand is handling the processing side – it will be product-focused and is called STERLING CANNABIS COMPANY.  And let me just tell you, their products are mouthwatering!

Take a look at some of their new offers below:

  • Micro-dose Mints:   Also known as “The less stress micro-dose mint”.  These babies are peppermint flavored mints that have very low amounts of THC but are amazing for discreet micro-dosing.  They can be used with headaches, hangovers, or honestly any pain relief!  The benefit of micro-dosing is being able to tailor the dosage amounts to your particular need by taking one, two, or three – you decide!  Of course, taking multiples at a time will give you more of a high and less of a micro-dose, so it is recommended to take one at a time.
  • Cannabis-infused Olive Oil:  Cooking clean and sugar free?  Not to mention the lovely relaxed stress free “good night’s sleep” awaiting after ingestion. Sign me up -this stuff is incredible!
  • RSO (Rick Simpson Oil):  We already discussed just how organic Sage Farms is, so you can see how excited one might be to find that Sterling Cannabis Company has released patient quality Rick Simpson Oil for those that need that extra shot of healing.
  • Shatter: This shatter is like actual glass!  None of that “clump” that some of us have been seeing on the shelf – this stuff is pure quality!

Chicken Tortilla Soup

by Kayla Johnson

Congratulations my fellow Oklahomans, we survived another holiday season!  Whether you went dashing all the way through New Year’s Eve, or hobbled through the holidays, it’s been a mad rush. Now that it’s back to daily life for most people, many find during the first few weeks of the new year, that they feel a little run down or maybe even a bit under the weather. Influenza (Flu) cases are popping up across the state and it’s important to take care of yourself. While cooking is often the last thing people want to do after the holidays, something simple and hearty, like the cannabis-infused chicken tortilla soup can be an easy meal with a medicated and slightly spicy boost for when you are feeling worn thin. 

The cannabis kicked the soup offers will vary based on the potency of your cannabutter or oil, whichever you prefer to use, and if you’re concerned about adding too much, simply combine your infused butter or oil with pure butter or oil, to make a less-potent dose in the proper amount needed for the recipe. If you’re fighting a head cold or for any reason simply don’t want to inhale your medicine, something like this soup can be a comforting way to get good food and good medicine down the hatch. For patients who may be a little more sensitive to spicy foods, free to dial this back as much as you need, or even try changing up the flavors if you’d prefer, and if you’re really looking for a way to make this a speedy meal, simply grab a rotisserie chicken to use.


As always, it’s important to remember to make sure your infused creation is properly labeled and stored separate from the non-infused goodness in your kitchen, to prevent any potential mixups. 



2 whole chicken breast (can use rotisserie chicken)

2 cloves of garlic

2 boxes of chicken stock (low sodium if you prefer)

1 Spanish onion

2 15 oz cans of black beans, drained

1 10 oz can of Rotel (mild, but use what you prefer!)

1 red bell pepper

½ green bell pepper

3 C hot water

3 TBSP cannabis infused butter or oil

3 TBSP tomato paste

1 ½ TSP cumin

1 ½ TSP chili powder

1 TSP garlic powder

Whole tortillas (to be cut into strips, can use tortilla chips if preferred)

Salt/Pepper to taste



  1. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees. *Note, if you’re using rotisserie chicken, feel free to forgo the first several steps, and pick up on Step 9.
  2. Take a small bowl and mix cumin, garlic powder, black pepper, chili powder, and salt in it.
  3. Take chicken breasts and drizzle them with 1 tablespoon of cannabis-infused olive oil.
  4. Then, sprinkle the chicken with the spice mix from the small bowl. A tip here: Do not forget to do this on the both sides of the chicken.
  5. Keep the rest of the spice mix aside.
  6. Put the spiced and greased chicken breasts on a baking sheet.
  7. Put the baking sheet into the oven for 20-25 minutes. A tip here: You should make sure the chicken is cooked thoroughly.
  8. Once the chicken is ready, remove the baking sheet from the oven and let the chicken breasts cool down.
  9. Meanwhile, dice Spanish onion, red bell pepper, and half of green bell pepper.
  10. Mince garlic.
  11. Take a large pot and pour 2 tablespoons of cannabis-infused olive oil into it.
  12. Place the pot on the stove and turn on medium heat.
  13. Once the oil is preheated, add the diced onion, red and green pepper, and minced garlic.
  14. Stir the mixture and add salt and pepper to taste.
  15. Shred the cooled off chicken breasts into long and thin strips.
  16. Once the bell peppers get soft and onion translucent, add the shredded chicken. A tip here: It usually takes about 5 minutes to cook the vegetables.
  17. Stir the mixture well.
  18. Add the “Rotel” tomatoes and chilies, chicken stock, tomato paste, black beans, and water to the vegetable and chicken mixture.
  19. Bring the mixture to a boil.
  20. Then, reduce the heat and let the mixture simmer for 45 minutes. A tip here: Do not cover the pot.
  21. Take whole corn tortillas and cut them into uniform strips of about 2 inches. Put them aside.
  22. Simmer the soup for 30 more minutes. A tip here: Do not forget to stir the soup occasionally.
  23. Then, taste the soup and add some chili powder or salt if necessary.
  24. Remove the soup from heat and let it sit for 5 minutes.
  25. Add the tortillas strips to the soup and let it sit for 5 more minutes.
  26. Ladle the soup into the bowls and top each serving with the garnish you have prepared beforehand.



Patient of the Month – Jennifer Cunningham

Since the passage of State Question 788, thousands and thousands of lives across the state of Oklahoma have changed. Some found freedom through a new career that they are passionate about, while many others found a new type of freedom from their medical conditions and injuries.  They are able to enjoy life again thanks to cannabis and the medical program that brought it to Oklahoma.

Jennifer Cunningham is one of those patients who credits cannabis with setting her free.  A native of McAlester, she moved to Hammon, a town in western Oklahoma with her family around the age of ten.   She says that her experience with cannabis has been completely life changing, though she credits her upbringing with her longtime attitude towards cannabis. “My opinion hasn’t really ever changed in life. I’ve always been pro-cannabis, my family was pro-cannabis..I grew up in a house where my parents used it. It is just one of those things that’s been around.”


Now as an adult, Cunningham faces a wide range of medical conditions, and says cannabis plays a big role in how she handles them. “I have lupus, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis (R.A.), chronic pain, depression and anxiety.  It is a pretty wide range of things that I use cannabis to treat, and it helps them all.”


Like many patients in the state, Cunningham is anything but shy about her cannabis use.  She encourages others to stop feeling any shame that may linger over their use. “It saved my life, and I’m completely open with anyone. I’m not ashamed that I use cannabis, and if you’re legal, you’re legal.  I can’t understand why anyone would feel shame for it now.”


Beyond her appreciation for what the plant has done for her medically, Cunningham is just as passionate about helping other patients find what will work for them. She believes in the power of educating one’s self as much as possible in order to be able to help share that information with others:


“I love to help people.  I can walk into any dispensary, and even if I don’t know you or if it’s my first time in that dispensary, I want to help you.  If I see you struggling with something and I either know the answer or know where you can find it, I’m going to speak up and give you as much information as I can about it,” Cunningham said.  “I’m a sponge because I absorb everything that I can and I read as much as possible; that kind of passion is important. This industry can only keep growing when you have people that are inspired to help, rather than focusing on making money.” 


As with many patients, Cunningham is working to turn her passion for the plant into a career, and says her experience so far gives her hope for finding the right position within the industry. “I am involved as much as I can be. My father owns a grow house, and I’ve helped with a few different dispensaries and grows. I’m really eager to learn, and I genuinely just want to help people find the medicine that works for them. It’s not about the money.  It is about getting people to feel better.”


For those who are still feeling a bit on the anxious side about trying cannabis for their health needs, Cunningham’s advice is simple, “Just try it. Go into a dispensary and talk to them about it.  Don’t be afraid to try things, and don’t be afraid to say no, too.” She also encouraged people to shake off the lingering shame that they might feel. She said, “Cannabis has been legalized in the state of Oklahoma for medical use; it’s safe to consume, you aren’t breaking the law, and you can’t lose everything because of your choice of medicine now.”


While she pushed for people to break away from the old shame, she also made a bold offer.  She said, “If you don’t know anyone who knows about cannabis, or if you’re not comfortable talking to people in your life about it, contact me.  My name is Jennifer Cunningham on Facebook, and I can be reached on Instagram as well, @Smokinred4.2.0. I don’t mind answering questions at all, and if I don’t know the answer, I’ll point you in the right direction to find it. Everyone should be able to have someone to discuss cannabis with, especially when they’re new to it, and I just want to help people get help.”

Women in the Industry – Kimberly Campbell

by Kayla Johnson

People become involved in cannabis for different reasons and at different stages in their life. Some people have just discovered the benefits of the plant for the first time in their twenties, while others have been finding relief in one way or another for a few decades now. Some remain patients and consumers, while others turn their passion for cannabis into a career focused on clean medicine and helping people.


Kimberly Campbell is one of those people. A native of Dallas, the unexpected and tragic loss of her baby brother at six months played a major role in the separation of her parents and the subsequent move to Oklahoma in 1971.  Campbell shared, “We needed to be by family at that time, so we moved to Choctaw, and then in 1980, mom moved us out to Harrah as a single parent. I graduated from Harrah High, and I really had an amazing childhood with many friends that I’m fortunate to still be friends with to this day.”


Campbell says that her first introduction to cannabis was a less-than-pleasant one, though looking back, she views it differently now.  She said, “My first experience was when my mom told my baby sister and I that our dad smoked pot, and now they couldn’t be married anymore. I have no doubt that he used cannabis medicinally to cope with the death of our baby brother.” 


Despite the taboo nature on the subject of cannabis while growing up (something most of us can relate to), Campbell admits that for her, it was an instant connection. She admitted, “It really was love at first toke for me and we smoked Mexican brick weed in high school.  I even had a best friend who’s parents grew cannabis out back with their chickens, and cured and dried them in their barn. I was fifteen when I saw my first live cannabis plant, and I was 27 when I dropped my first cannabis seed into soil.”


In 1995, Campbell was given the opportunity to work with Rita Holder, president of the Oklahoma Herb Society, and says her passion for growing really began to take root.  She said, “I had always been an earth seed, so I started taking online herbal courses from the California School of Herbalism, then in 2007, I received a degree in horticulture from Oklahoma State University.” By the time 2012 rolled around, the possibility of medical legalization was first becoming a rumor to be whispered about in hushed voices.  Campbell says that year she began growing, saying, “I dove into growing and formulating topicals and edibles.” It wasn’t until two years later, when she encountered Amy Hildabrandt and her son, Austin, who suffers from Dravet Syndrome, that she joined the fight herself. “I saw what cannabis oil did and what they were fighting for…,” she explained, “…and they had to move to Colorado to become medical refugees, and that is when I became involved in the fight to get our community to vote.”


In 2017, just before the final push for State Question (SQ) 788 began, Campbell traveled to Colorado, where she had the opportunity to train at Hippy Mountain. “I learned how to make edibles…,” she explained, “…and they taught me how to grow commercially and work on an outdoor cannabis farm.”


Now, in post-SQ788 Oklahoma, Campbell is a licensed processor for Sacred Flower, the cannabis company owned and managed by herself, her husband Casey, and her best friend from childhood, Angela Brewer. Campbell and her husband purchased an acreage of land adjacent to their home of 21 years and constructed an extraction and processing facility. They received their license in August 2019, and they were able to begin product delivery on the first day of 2020.   Now that their business has come to life, Campbell says that there’s just no other line of work for her. She said, “There’s no other choice for me. Cannabis medicine will always be something I’m involved in. I’ve been putting cannabis into soaps, bath bombs, ointments, topical creams and food for decades, and I knew that when we legalized cannabis, that this was something I would do, and would also do whatever it takes to make it happen.”


Campbell, like many other women in the industry, has become an example of women being able to thrive in a cannabis-based career. She was invited to the National Women of Cannabis Conference in 2019, and was even one of the finalists for the Women’s Entrepreneur contest. She admits that while she has had a positive experience so far, there are also many opportunities for women to further support their fellow women in the industry. “I feel respected in my craft, and have not experienced any negativity towards me just because I’m a woman who owns a cannabis business. When you are confident in the work you do and always exhibit the highest standards, it shouldn’t make a difference if you are male or female,” she said, “I do think that there should be more support for women from other women.  I’m really interested in mentorship and I would like to be involved in helping future women, in cannabis, get what they need to survive and thrive in a fast paced, and competitive market.” 


For those who are considering joining the cannabis industry, Campbell has some advice for women who are considering the plunge.  She said, “I would say jump in with both feet, work hard, never give up on your dreams, be kind, don’t gossip, avoid drama, and don’t be the mean girl. It’s a female plant, we are females, and we all need to stick together and help each other for the betterment of all.”